7 Principles of the Constitution

By Mason Shirley

Popular Sovereignty

Final authority and power to do all things rests with the citizens, people give power to the government.

Ex: Women were given the right to vote with the 19th Amendment.

Quote: "No government can have a right to obedience from a people who have not freely consented to it." John Locke, Second Treatise of Civil government

Republicanism

The citizens practice their rights by voting for new representatives.

Ex: Article II allows for a President and Vice President to be elected every 4 years.

Quote:

Federalism

States have their own powers, separate from the central government.

Ex: States may make their own laws as long as they do not go against the Constitution.

Quote: "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people." 10th Amendment

Separation Of Powers

The U.S. Government consists of three branches, the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial so one part of the government doesn't have all the power.

Ex: The executive branch enforces laws, the judicial interprets laws, and the legislative makes laws.

Quote: "When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person or in the same body of magistrates, there can be no liberty. The same monarch or senate would enact tyrannical laws and execute them in a tyrannical manner." Charles de Montisquieu, Spirit of Laws, 1748.

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