Korean War

The Forgotten War

Causes

  1. Communist North Korea attacks South Korea
  2. America does not want Communism to spread
  3. Truman sends troops to defend South Korea

Effects

  1. Prevented Communism from spreading
  2. Korea stayed divided
  3. Only armistice signed, no formal peace treaty
  4. Mutual defense treaty between US and South Korea

Estimated Casualties

South Korea

  • 58,000 Combat Deaths
  • 176,000 Wounded
  • 80,000 MIA or POW

US

  • 37,000 Deaths (3,000 non combat)
  • 92,000 wounded
  • 8,000 MIA
  • 7,000 POW

North Korea

  • 215,000 Deaths
  • 303,000 Wounded
  • 120,000 MIA or POW

China

  • 114,000 Deaths
  • 34,000 Non combat Deaths
  • 380,000 Wounded
  • 21,400 POW

Battle of Chosin Reservoir

October 25, 1950

UN
  • MacArthur
  • Oliver P. Smith
  • 20,000 men

China

  • Song Shi-Lun
  • 200,000 Men

Chinese lacked good weaponry

Attacked with mainly mortars and machine guns, not much artillery

American Defensive

Unbeatable odds

Considered a defeat but a high point in the American Marine Corp

  • Casualties
US Marines
  • 836 deaths
  • 12,000 Wounded

US Army

  • 2,000 Deaths
  • 1,000 Wounded

China

  • Estimated 35,000 Deaths

Fast Facts

  • No Peace treaty so war technically never ended
  • First war when UN played a roll
  • First war with battles between jet fighters
  • US spent about $67 million