HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa

Jenny Vetter

What Is HIV/AIDS??

AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus

  • Aids is the ending stage of HIV
  • Causes the failure of you're immune system
  • AIDS causes the severe damage of you're immune system

How is AIDS/HIV transmitted?

  • Sexual contact
  • Pregnancy, childbirth, breast feeding
  • Needles/Injections
  • Blood Transfusion/Organ Transplant
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How is HIV/AIDS Treated?

  • 1st drug approved to treat it was AZT, since then around 30 drugs have been approved to treat it
  • 5 classes of HIV drugs, each one attacking different points in the life cycle of the virus
  • People don't die from HIV/AIDS, they die from the diseases that come with it
  • If people don't take their medicines even once, it could kill them


  • Fever
  • Swollen Glands
  • Sore Throat
  • Rash
  • Fatigue
  • Muscles Aches
  • Headaches
Just because you have these symptoms however does not mean you have HIV, as these can be caused by other illnesses

How Has The United States Helped Fight HIV/AIDS in Africa?

We have spent over 50 billion dollars to help test and treat people with HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa. USAID is supporting African countries and their health systems through the Global Health Initiative.