by Jada Brown
#1 fact SPARTA ARMY
- Sparta was very powerful during ancient Greece . This was due to there strong army. Boys were sent to barracks to train at the age of seven, and by the age of twenty they were officially in the army so they could fight for there polis. After they turned thirty they could leave the barracks and have a family but were still in the army. Finally at sixty you could retire.
# 2 fact SPARTA GOV'T
- Sparta's gov't was an oligarchy.
- an oligarchy means that a few amount of people ran the gov't
- the people who ran the gov't included:
- A group of elders who were twenty eight people over sixty years old.
- assembly who were all Spartan men over 30.
- Ephors collected taxes and enforced laws.
#3 fact RELIGION
- Spartans were polytheistic.
- this means they believed in many gods
- the gods were how they explained weather or natural occurrences, they had gods for almost everything .
- few gods many people may know are Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, or Aphrodite
#4 fact Poetry
- Greek poetry taught Greek values.
- The earliest stories were "epics". Long poems told about heroic deeds.
- The poet Homer wrote the epics in 700's B.C. He based them on the tales of the Trojan War.
- Homer wrote the Odyssey and the Iliad.
#5 fact art/architecture
- Greeks mainly created pieces of pottery. On that pottery would normally be myths/stories of Greek gods.
- they also had painted murals but none made it through the time period.
- In Greek architecture, they made temples to worship the Gods.
- Temples such as the Parthenon, had a walled room in the center, and statues of gods and goddesses.
#6 fact females
- since Sparta had all men in the army the females had more rights.
- females could:
- buy property, sell property.
- play sports, women were amazingly good at sports and the majority of women were very physically fit.
#7 fact Power in the City-States
- A tyrant is someone who takes power by force and rules with total authority. Most early Greek tyrants acted wisely and fairly compared to the definition on harsh oppressive rulers today.
- By 500 B.C., tyrants had fallen out of power in Greece. Most of the Polis were oligarchies or democracies.