Analyzing Abstract Concepts

Michael Stein and Luke Kirkpatrick

Denotation, Connotation, and Association (prejudice)

Denotation: Preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience. Unfair cruelty.

Connotation: The word prejudice has an underlying implication of segregation and "judging a book by its cover". It implies racism or extreme judgment to the point of hatred.

Association: This word has serious power and could potentially harm the feelings of others and create a bad impression on them. It is unfair to dislike something or someone purely based on color or look.

Photo (prejudice)

For an image that represents prejudice I chose the Ferguson riot photos. While it does not directly say prejudice it is implied that the prejudice of one individual caused the whole city to go into panic. The prejudices people possess can have severe consequences, in this case the consequence was a life, a job, and riots throughout the city. However it is not all bad as this drew attention to the racial prejudices that still exist throughout the country. This image gives an example of the consequences that prejudice can have on an individual, a group of people, and a city.

What does this concept look like in our society? (prejudice)

As much as we would like to believe that prejudice no longer exist we often see examples of blatant prejudice in our modern day society. Police brutality in the United States has been a reoccurring issue lately, in Ferguson MO riots shut the city down due to the irrational prejudice of a police officer. This shows that even the leaders and heroes in our society such as police officers can fall into the trap of prejudice. it is something we are all guilty of to some extreme however some worse than others.

What does this concept look like in TKAM? (prejudice)

Prejudice is a reoccurring theme throughout the book, we see it most in the relationship between blacks and whites. It is made clear that there is extreme prejudice toward color in Maycomb, because when Mr. Radley shoots at the kids, it is excused saying "he was only shooting at a negro". This is not the only prejudice we see in the book, Walter Cunningham represents prejudice of social classes as The Cunninghams are the poorest and least respected family in Maycomb, purely because of their last name.

What does this concept mean to you? (prejudice)

Prejudice to me means the unfair treatment of others based on false stereotypes. Unfortunately we are all guilty of some kind of prejudice and must work on diminishing that in order to grow as a society.

Denotation, Connotation, Association (Courage)

Denotation: The ability to do something that frightens one.

Connotation: The word courage holds a heroic title and gives an idea of a stand up person doing what is right.

Association: I associate courage with a stranger running into a burning building to save a crying infant and returning it to the fear stricken mother.

What does this concept meant to you? (courage)

Courage is standing up for the bullied, saying what no one else is willing to, and always doing the right thing even if it is not the easy thing to do. Courage is offering a stranger a ride or doing something that takes you out of your comfort zone. It is not an easy thing to be courageous, but those that overcome the fear of being the voice for the voiceless become the leaders of society and the select few that better the world.

What does courage mean in TKAM? (courage)

In To Kill A Mockingbird, courage is doing something that is morally. For instance when Atticus decides to defend Tom Robinson, a black man. When most of his neighbors would turn and run or even go against Tom, Atticus decides that every man has rights. He defends Tom even though of his race and that the odds are against him.

What does it mean in our society? (courage)

Today in our society courage is to do something that others are afraid to do. In 2014 Ebola broke out in West Africa and many people were afraid, but Dr Brown, 2014 Person of the Year, stood up to fight this virus. Along with brown were many volunteer nurses and ambulance drivers such as Salome Karwah and Foday Gallah. These people stood up and fought the virus at the source while others ignored it or watched and did nothing.

Photo (courage)

This picture shows people trying to help an ebola patient. This represents courage because these people don’t have to be here helping this person, they could be home with their kids or friends. I chose this because this also occurred here in dallas Texas in presbyterian hospital. Both in this picture in Africa and here in Dallas Texas people volunteered to help these people with this “incurable” disease.

Denotation, Connotation, Association (obligation)

Denotation: An act or course of action to which a person is morally or legally bound; a duty or commitment.

Connotation: I feel this word has a very serious connotation because as soon as you are obligated to something you can’t really back out of it. If you do, serious repercussions will occur.

Association: Lawyers, Jobs, School, Family

What does this concept mean to you? (obligation)

Obligation to me is a strong promise that will not be broken under any means necessary. If I am obligated to go to my brothers lacrosse game, I would go because people are expecting me. If I didn’t show up, I would be letting my brother down or even disappoint my parents.

What does this concept look like in TKAM? (obligation)

The character that displays obligation throughout the book is Atticus. Atticus shows his obligation to the town, to his kids and to Tom Robinson. He is obligated to the town by doing what is right all of the time and setting a good example. He feels obligated to Tom Robinson because he knows the what the right thing to do is and he feels obligated to do that. Obviously he feels obligated to his children because he is responsible for their safety and well being.

What does this concept look like in our society? (obligation)

In our society there are people with countless different obligations to a person, a city, a job or even the world. Some people have an obligation to limit pollution and conserve the planet, some people feel obligated to their job and doing it to the best of their ability. Others have obligations to people, obligations to people are the most important because without some feeling of obligation it would be hard to work together and get along.

Photo (obligation)

There is no bigger obligation than a mother has to a child. Once that couple decides to have a child they are obligated to care for their child before anything else. I chose this photo because it shows the clear obligation that this mother has to keeping her child safe and sound.