The Ancient Help With The New

By Alexandra Zip

Transportation

The invention of the wheel was invented in Ancient Mesopotamia. It was invented in 1922 BC. The remains of two, four wheeled wagons where found in the ancient city of Ur ( which was one of there major cities). The oldest vehicles in history that the Mesopotamians got to transport for trade and farming . Also found with the wagons were their leather tires. Wheels and tires are still used to this very day. Every day you see a car with tires. Without tires there would be no cars today. So the Ancient Mesopotamians helped in the world we live in today and how their transportation helps our transportation to this very day.
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Agriculture

Around 8,000 BCE the Ancient Mesopotamians began to discover planting a seed would make a plant. That lead them to the begging of farming. In the Southwest Asia there was a ton of grains that could be farmed, and we still so grains today. It took a long time to plant wild grains and turn them in to farm crops to eat. Later after a long time of farming they grew tons of food like barley, wheat, lentils, chick peas, onions, garlic, dates, and lettuce. Not every plant can be domesticated. But in Southwest Asia there where a lot of plants that could be domesticated which was good for the Mesopotamians (because wheat food would get boring). There were also a lot of animals in Mesopotamia. There were a lot more crops then animals. Some of the farmers could grow enough crops for a whole city. Because farming needs a lot of attention farmers where not nomadic (nomadic means can't keep a permeant home) So they had to settle down in an one area of town. That area that the farmers settled in had a river where they could have fresh water, and fertile soil. In the case the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers. Slowly people started to move to the areas that the farmers lived. Which made it harder to work with all the noise and all the people hurting there farm land. Around 3500 BC there was more food then the village could eat. So that is how the division of labor happened. Which is somthing we still use to this very day. Without the Mesopotamians farming crops we would not really have food. So we don't really think about it but they impact our lives everyday.

Writing

A written language was developed around 3300 BC. The earliest writing was based on pictures. That represented words or phases which are called pictograms. That were used for information of crops, taxes, lending's (what we call loans today). Those type of writing had hundreds of symbols. Over hundreds of years the pictures developed in to a type of writing we call cuneiform. Cuneiform was different because it meant sounds like our alphabet. The way that they wrote the 'words' where on clay because paper was not invented yet. They used the clay to mark daily events like trade, and literature. The first alphabet developed around 1000 BCE. If you think about it without the Mesopotamian people we could not even talk to each other in words or write anything. Their words also help us with literature.

Because of all these findings and creating's is a part of how we live today in the 21st century.

Why do I think that the Ancient Mesopotamians helped with our lives in the 21st century.

Because they did event the wheel and the first of writing and farming so that those are things that we still use every day.

EXTA (MEANINGS AND LEARNING)

What Does BC mean?

    B.C. is an abbreviation for “Before Christ.” A.D. is an abbreviation for “anno Domini,” which is Latin for “in the year of our Lord.” B.C. and A.D. are commonly used to count years in time. Jesus Christ's birth is used as a starting point to count years that existed before (B.C.) and after (A.D.) He was born.

What does Agriculture mean?

It means farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products.

I hope you liked my project on how the Mesopotamians impacted our lives in the 21st century.