Physical Geography: Russia

By: Beverly Lo, Anushka Limaye, and Prashan Jeyarajah

Seasons of Russia

Russia has four seasons because of the tilt of the earth on its axis. The distance from the sun each month of the year also helps make the seasons. Since it is far north on the map the temperature range within the seasons are either colder or warmer but the span of the seasons is the same depending on how far the earth is from the sun. Russia is in the northern hemisphere just like the US, and so the seasons are the same as the United States where June through September is Summer, September through December is Fall, December through March is Winter, and March through June is Spring. Unlike most places in the far north, Russia’s seasons do not differ from the typical four seasons. During spring the temperature is getting more warm, during summer there are the highest temperature of the year, during autumn the temperature begins to drop, and during winter there are the cold temperatures of the year.


Russia is the biggest country in the world which means that it must have many different biomes. For example, tundras could be located in the country due to its closeness to the arctic circle. On the other hand, deserts can also be found in Russia because some regions stretch toward the warm and toasty Middle East. Also, because Russia goes through all four seasons, temperate deciduous forests can be found in Russia. The country also has plentiful flat lands with grasses meaning that grasslands are prominent.

Natural Disasters

Because Russia is the biggest country by land, it covers different types of land meaning that there are many different types of natural disasters that occur. These natural disasters cause great harm to the society. Not only are there many casualties from these disasters, but these environmental phenomenons cause great suffrage for Russia’s economy and market. Because they need to take into consideration of the cost of paying for the aftermath of each disaster, Russia is limited on what they can afford to do in order to improve their country. Also, these natural disasters affect the culture of the inhabitants in a similar way. They must recognise that these phenomenons can strike at any moment, therefore limiting what activities they participate in, how much money they need to save/spend, what clothes they wear, etc.
New dramatic video: Rare Russian tornado rips through town


Climate in Russia depends on many factors including its latitude, its distance from water, its altitude, and its ocean currents.

Latitude affects temperature and precipitation, both of which are important factors in an area’s climate. The higher the latitude, for example(either north or south), the colder it is. Or, the higher the temperature in an area, the higher the rate of evaporation, and therefore, the higher the amount of precipitation.

Land heats and cools faster than water, and so when the two temperatures are different, conduction occurs and the temperatures of the two landforms are controlled. Also, places that are inland have a large variation of seasons because they do not have access to a large body of water like to coastal places do.

Altitude affects Russia’s climate where the higher the altitude is then the lower the temperature is in that area. This is due to factors, such as air pressure, that make the air colder the higher off the ground you are.

Ocean currents depend on how the temperature of the ocean surface is. If there is a warm ocean surface the water evaporates easier which causes more precipitation in the warmer/wetter regions. In the colder places, the water has a harder time evaporating which causes many of the storms to be condensed.

Cool Physical Features in Russia!