Learning Targets 19-23
Constitutional Guards Against Tyranny!
LT 19 - I can Identify how the Constitution Guards Against Tyranny
At first the Constitution didn't list the people's rights. Needless to say the people were not very happy about that and demanded a change. So, the Founders of our Nation came together and made 27 amendments to the Constitution. 10 of them were dedicated to the rights of the people. We call this the Bill of Rights. This new add- on the Constitution guarded against tyranny by listing the rights of the people that the government cannot take away such as: Freedom of Speech, Freedom of Religion, Right to Bear Arms ect.
LT 20 - I can Identify how the Constitution Separates Powers and Identify Examples of Those Powers
To help guard against tyranny, the Constitution stated that there would be three separate branches of government: The Legislative Branch, The Executive Branch, And the Judicial Branch. The Legislative Branch consists of two parts: The House of Representatives and the Senate which both make laws to pass to the Executive Branch, or the President to pass. The Judicial branch deals with if the laws are constitutional or not.
LT 21 - I can Identify Two Examples of Checks and Balances
To insure that no one branch of government is more powerful than the others, the Founders of our Nation created a system of checks and balances. This means that each branch of government checks each other to make sure that they are not becoming tyrants. The president can veto laws and nominate judges, checking the Judicial and Legislative Branches. The Legislative Branch can override a veto with a 3/4 vote, approve presidential nominations, and veto judges, checking the Judicial and Executive Branches. The Judicial branch can make sure that the laws passed by the Legislative and Executive Branches.
LT 22 - I can Identify how the Bill of Rights Shows we have Limited Govenrment
The Bill of Rights shows that we have limited government by listing all the rights of the people and what the government can and cannot do. For example, the government cannot use any cruel or unusual punishment on a criminal no matter what their crime.
LT 23 - I can Explain how the Bill of Rights Protects our Basic Freedoms
The Bill of Rights protects our basic freedoms by listing five freedoms in the First Amendment that the government cannot infringe upon. We call these the Five Basic Freedoms. These freedoms are: Freedom of speech, Freedom to Assemble, Freedom of the Press, Freedom of Religion, and Freedom of Petition.