Prompting

Why is it Important?

Overview

Prompting consists of three main parts:


  1. Cue (Antecedent): The target "thing" or "Situation" that we want the learner to respond to respond by performing a target skill.
  2. Learner Response (Target Skill): The skill we want to learners to be able to perform.
  3. Feedback (Consequence): Feedback provided after learner response to antecedent. Should be positive and descriptive.

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Types of Prompting

There are 5 types of prompting:


  1. Gestural: Teacher uses gesture to prompt.
  2. Verbal: Teacher verbally gives hint, clue, or direction.
  3. Visual: Teacher uses items such as schedules, checklists, etc.
  4. Model: Teacher demonstrates target skill.
  5. Physical: Teacher leads a learner through task by providing physical assistance

Prompting Procedures

There are three Prompting Procedures


  1. Least-to-Most
  2. Graduated Guidance
  3. Simultaneous Prompting

Least-to-Most

  • Least-to-Most uses a prompt hierarchy to produce target skills.
  • At least three levels
  • Independent: Learner is able to perform target skill without additional assistance
  • Intermediate 1: Gestural prompt
  • Intermediate 2: Verbal
  • Controlling: Prompt provided to ensure learner uses target skills correctly.


Prompt Hierarchy

Why are prompting procedures important for learners with ASD?