Why is it Important?
Prompting consists of three main parts:
- Cue (Antecedent): The target "thing" or "Situation" that we want the learner to respond to respond by performing a target skill.
- Learner Response (Target Skill): The skill we want to learners to be able to perform.
- Feedback (Consequence): Feedback provided after learner response to antecedent. Should be positive and descriptive.
Types of Prompting
There are 5 types of prompting:
- Gestural: Teacher uses gesture to prompt.
- Verbal: Teacher verbally gives hint, clue, or direction.
- Visual: Teacher uses items such as schedules, checklists, etc.
- Model: Teacher demonstrates target skill.
- Physical: Teacher leads a learner through task by providing physical assistance
There are three Prompting Procedures
- Graduated Guidance
- Simultaneous Prompting
- Least-to-Most uses a prompt hierarchy to produce target skills.
- At least three levels
- Independent: Learner is able to perform target skill without additional assistance
- Intermediate 1: Gestural prompt
- Intermediate 2: Verbal
- Controlling: Prompt provided to ensure learner uses target skills correctly.