By:Dallya Hashem


Switzerland is a country located in western Europe. It was founded August 1st, 1291. Because of this, August 1st is there national holiday. There were many founders of Switzerland but one of the main founders was Alfred Escher.

Geography/ Travel

Switzerland is a mountainous and landlocked country (meaning it is a country with lots of mountains and it's entirely surrounded by land). The countries that surround it are Austria, Liechtenstein, (east) France, (west) Italy, (south) and Germany (north). Also, Switzerland is 220 kilometers north to south (140 miles) and 350 kilometers east to west (220 miles). Switzerland has a lot of geography that includes mountains, river, and many types of landforms. Some of examples of these are up above.

Switzerland's climate is winters are cold and and summers are hot. Also, in the mountain areas, the temperature drops. The normal high in Switzerland's temperature in Bern is 56 and the low is 40 in fahrenheit.

The most popular city in Switzerland is Zurich or the federal state of Zurich. I think this because Zurich has a population over 376,990 and the federal state of Zurich's population is 1,242,000. The reason why people live in Zurich is because it is the economic center of Switzerland. To get to Zurich or even Berne, people use the Alps because there are lots of other cities on the other side. They do this by using the Alpine railway routes.

Government/Foreign Policy

In Switzerland, they have a form of government which is the federal system of 26 cantons and a type of government which is democracy. The federal president in Switzerland right now is Johann Schneider-Amman. This government is an unlimited government. Thankfully at the moment, there is no conflict happening between the government.

Citizens that live in Switzerland have similar rights as the U.S. like voting rights and being responsible for being a good citizen. Also, Switzerland and the U.S. are both federal governments. Both they do have some differences. The major one is that they have different opinions on gun control.

Switzerland does not have much interaction with other countries at all. This is because they don't want to jeopardize their neutrality.


Switzerland's currency is Swiss Franc and in U.S. money is converted to $0.98. Switzerland usually imports machinery, metals, vehicles, and chemicals. It's exports are metals, clocks, perfumes, and technical/electronic equipments.

The GDP per capita is usually about 84,815.41. Comparing this number to the U.S. GDP per capita (53,041.98) I think my country is a very wealthy country since Switzerland is almost double of the U.S. GDP per capita.

Social/Ethnic Groups

The ethnic groups of Switzerland are German 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%, Romansch 1%, and other 6%. For the literacy rate, it is 99% and most of everyone over the age 15 can read and write. To learn, people in Switzerland pay taxes.

Women in Switzerland didn't have too many rights especially when there was a long debate about voting. As for children's rights, they also didn't have the best rights and there were a lot of debates on what rights they should have. But besides voting, men and women have the same basic rights. Like I said before, 99% of both men and women know how to read and write. After knowing this information, I can conclude that women are treated fairly in Switzerland. Also, after knowing the information about the ethnic groups, I can see that Germany is the majority of the ethnic groups. There ethnic groups have fought about things like if Switzerland is a multilingual or a multi-cultural policy.

Religion and Language

Switzerland's religions are Roman Catholic, (38.2%) Protestant, (26.9) Muslim, (4.9) other Christianity, (5.7) other, (1.6) none, (21.4) and unspecific (1.3%). As for Switzerland's language, the main ones are French, Romansh, Italian, and German. These are also the languages that are practiced.
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Country Flag

This is the Switzerland flag which was official on December 12, 1889. The cross represents the faith of Christianity and the colors of the flag represent freedom, honor and fidelity.

Traditional Holidays or Festivals, Traditional Clothing, and Food

One of the biggest holidays for not only Switzerland, but also Austria and Germany, is Oktoberfest. This holiday/tradition is September 17 all the way to October 3rd, held in Munich, Germany. This holiday does not represent anything but is a beer festival. Speaking of traditional things, Switzerland also has tradition clothes and foods. Some traditional foods in Switzerland are cheeses and chocolates. Some specifics are fondue and raclette. As for clothing, girls would usually wear trousers, skirts, or dresses while boys usually wear dark tights with leather shorts and leather boots.

Rachlette Recipe

Here is a recipe I found for Raclette:

Traditional Raclette Recipe

This simple raclette recipe should be the first you try on your raclette grill or raclette melter. For 4 Persons.

  • 8 small/medium potatoes
  • 1.5 lb. Raclette Cheese
  • Buendnerfleisch (cut in paper thin slices)
  • 1 jar pickled gherkin cucumbers (cornichons)
  • 1 jar pickled onions
  • freshly ground pepper
  • paprika