Key Leaders of the Civil War

Abraham Lincoln

He was elected the 16th President of the United States in 1860. As soon as he got elected, more and more states started to secede from the Union. They were afraid that once he became president, he would try and abolish slavery. He wanted to keep the union together.

  • Fort Sumter: Opening shots to the War
  • Emancipation Proclamation: Was issued after the Battle of Antietam
  • Gettysburg: the turning point of the war
  • Appomattox: Location where Grant surrenders

Jefferson Davis

  • Jefferson Davis was a United State's senator who became president of the Confederate States of America

Ulysses S. Grant

  • Union military commander who was known for defeating the South when no other Union commander could do it.

Robert E. Lee

  • Confederate General for the Army of Northern Virginia
  • He opposed secession, but did not believe the Union should remain together
  • He wanted Southerners to accept the fact that they lost and unite as Americans again (during Appomattox)

Frederick Douglass

  • Former slave
  • Became a prominent abolitionist
  • Urged Lincoln to recruit former slaves to fight in the Union Army


  1. What did Abraham Lincoln believe the Union should be?
  2. What did General Davis soon become?
  3. What was Ulysses S. Grant commonly known for?
  4. Did Robert E. Lee oppose or agree with secession?
  5. What is Frederick Douglass known for?