Colony Activity #2

By: Hailey Hess

JAMESTOWN

1. In June of 1606, a grant was given by King James I to the Virginia Company of London to travel to North America and establish an English settlement there. This grant was the beginning of English colonization in the western hemisphere.


2. On May 14, 1607 English explorers landed on Jamestown island and claimed the land as the first permanent English colony in North America.

5. Jamestown was infested with mosquitos, which brought the disease Malaria into the new colony. High fatality rates accompanied this disease which affected the town tremendously.


6. John Smith taught the Englishmen who cared more about gold than maintaining their health how to hunt, fish, and create a functioning colony. He saved Jamestown from collapsing and was seen as a very strong leader in the colonists' eyes.


7. The House of Burgesses was the first sign of a representative government in North America. It was created by the Virginia company and was a legislative group of elected representatives which served as Jamestown's government.


8. Tobacco was Jamestown's economic salvation when disease and attacks hit the colony.


9.The first signs of slavery were seen in Jamestown when a group of Dutch slave traders arrived in a ship and traded African slaves for food. This is the very first signs of slavery in the colonies.


10. The charter of the Virginian Company was a document that ensured that the colonists would be treated as Englishmen and that they would be ensured the same rights as if they were still in England. This led to conflict later on and a hunger for independence.

Massachusetts Bay

1. In 1629 a charter was given by King Charles I to form the Massachusetts Bay Company.


2. In 1630 1,000 settlers arrived on Massachusetts's coast, which was the largest group yet to travel to the new world.


3. Massachusetts Bay colony was settled by Puritans who were being persecuted due to the fact that they did not have the same beliefs as the Church of England.

7. John Winthrop was elected as the Bay Colony's first governor. Winthrop believed that he was elected by God and that their colony would be a "city upon a hill".


8. Roger Williams was a scholarly man who had loud opinions about religion and government that went against the colony's practices. Williams was eventually banished by Winthrop from the colony because of his ideas.


9. Anne Hutchinson was a strong willed woman who had her own views about salvation that, like William's ideas, went against Massachusetts's beliefs. Hutchinson was also banished by Winthrop and Puritan leaders from the colony.


10. There was much conflict with Quakers in the Bay Colony who rejected the Puritan authority and in return, the quakers were highly persecuted.

Pennsylvania

7. Pennsylvania was a liberal colony and had a representative assembly that the settlers elected.


8. Penn wanted to prove that a Quaker society could maintain an orderly government with peace an justice.


9. The Charter of Privileges of 1701 outlined Penn's dream of having religious freedom without an established church.


10. Since the colonists were pacifists, Pennsylvania had no military defense.

Maryland

1. Maryland was founded in 1634 by Lord Baltimore.


2. Lord Baltimore was the founder of Jamestown, which was established to be a refuge for persecuted Catholics. Most other colonies were settled by Puritans or Separatists who did not approve of the Catholics' beliefs.


3. Maryland is located at St. Marys on Chesapeake Bay.


4. Maryland was the 2nd English colony established in North America after Jamestown.

8. There were many indentured servants in Maryland who worked for a landowner for a period of time in order to gain their own land. This was beneficial to the colony because it brought many people their and provided a work force.


9. Tobacco was Maryland's primary crop which helped the economy prosper.


10. Maryland was a proprietary colony, meaning Lord Baltimore was under England's authority as the head of this colony and had to abide by their rules and must pay them his dues for the land.

Georgia

4. Although the colony suffered many attacks from both the Spanish and French, Georgia played an extremely important role in the 12 colony's imperial defense.


5. Georgia was named in honor of King George II of England.


6. Georgia was often called "The Melting Pot" because of its diverse culture of outcasts and refugees.


7. There was religious toleration for all colonists who believed in Jesus besides those who practiced Catholicism.


8. John Wesley was a prominent religious leader in the colony who was a protestant and later founded the Methodist Church.


9. The population of Georgia was hindered because of attacks, restrictions on slavery, and an unhealthy land and the colony grew very slowly.


10. Georgia was a non-conformist society and held unique laws and practices in a different manner than the other 12 colonies.