World Religions Project

By Avery Goforth

Hinduism

Beliefs- Hindus believe that there are millions and millions of Gods, they believe in Karma (What goes around come around), reincarnation (that everything is reborn once they die), and they also believe all life is sacred and it is important to love.


Rituals- Hindus believe devotion to God is very important so they do a lot of meditating and praying to talk with the Gods. Brahmacharga happens to kids in their school years, where they focus on knowledge and developing character, and Saangasu is when you're about to die and you focus on abandoning the world and preparing for a life of contemplation. This happens to all hindus. They also pray many times a day, usually to photos of the Gods.


Holidays- Hindus celebrate and go to many festivals. One main holiday is Basant Panchami, Diwali, and Dashara. They're mostly all festivals where you go and worship and celebrate a certain God. For example, Diwali is a festival of lights, celebrating Lakshmi, the God of Prosperity.


Main book- No holy book, but many holy scriptures. The two main scripture categories is Shruti and Smriti.


Main Gods- Brahman, Shiva, Vishnu, Shakti, Ganesha (Many Gods)


History- Hinduism developed thousands of years ago, but no one knows the specific time. Hinduism is simply the religion of the Indian people.


Polytheistic

World Religions: Hinduism

Buddhism

Beliefs- Buddha is not a God, you should not believe anything you hear or see without thinking, your afterlife depends on this life, and that there is no meaning to life. Meditation is also very important in buddhism. They also believe healing comes from the mind.


Rituals- Buddhists do a lot of meditating which connects you with Buddha. Buddhists also participate in pilgrimages and mantras which are sacred sounds that are supposed to "protect the mind."


Holidays- Buddhist new year, which is celebrated for three days in April or Janurary. Vesak is "Buddha Day" which is. Buddha's Birthday.


Main Book- There is no book, but Buddha's teachings are called Dharma which are collected into 108 volumes. He has 84,000 helpful teachings.


Main Gods- They don't consider him a God, but Buddha is their main superior man they look up to.


History- Buddha was born in the 6th century BCE. Buddhism is the one of the oldest religions still practiced today. Buddhism spread from the northeastern region of the indian subcontinent.


Neither polytheistic or monotheistic.

What is Buddhism? How is it Distinctive from other religions?

Judaism

Beliefs- Believes in RamBam's 13 principles of faith

1. God exists

2. God is one and unique

3. God is incorporeal

4. God in enternal

5. Prayer should be directed to only God and no other

6. The words of the prophets are true

7. Moses' prophecies are true, and Moses was the greatest of the prophets

8. The Written Torah (first 5 books of the Bible) and Oral Torah (teachings now contained in the Talmud and other writings) were given to Moses

9. There will be no other Torah

10. God knows the thoughts and deeds of men

11. God will reward the good and punish the wicked

12. The Messiah will come

13. The dead will be resurrected



Rituals- Daily prayer, Sabbath service, holidays, birth and child naming ceremony like how the boy is named 8 days after he's born.


Holidays- Rosh Hashanah (new year), Yom Kippur, Sukott


Main Book- The Written Torah


Main Gods- God (YHWH)


History- Traces back to mankind but Jewish origins begin with Abraham and the Hebrews


Monotheistic

What Is Judaism?

Christianity

Beliefs- Christians believe in God who is also the son and the holy spirit. They believe that after death you go to heaven or hell, and they try to follow the 10 commandments.



Rituals- Go to church every sunday, pray at dinner or before you go to bed, go through confirmation, all christians usually get baptized.


Holidays- Christmas (the birth of Jesus), Easter


Main Book- The Holy Bible


Main Gods- God


History- emerged from what now is Isreal in the mid 1st century AD and became common in europe in the Middle ages. When people started coming over to the new world it soread with them and their settlers and that's why we have it in the United States now.


Monotheistic


What is Christianity?

Islam

Beliefs- Six Articles of Faith, and there is only one god, Allah.


Rituals- fasting (ramadan), pilgramage to Meca, Rajj religious practice


Holidays- Eid Al-Fitr and Eid Al-Adha are celebrated in Ramadan (a month of fasting.)


Main book- Quran


Main Gods- Allah


History-


Monotheistic


Islam, the Quran, and the Five Pillars All Without a Flamewar: Crash Course World History #13