Grammar Project

By: Abby Weeden and Brooke Smith

Prepositional Phrases

A phrase containing a preposition and its object.


I walked into the Candy Store.

Into is the preposition, and walked is where you find if it is an adverb or an adjective sentence. Prepositional phrases always ends with a noun. Store is the noun/object.

Participial Phrases

A phrase consisting of a present or past participial that ends in -ed, -en, or -ing.


Climbing the tree, the monkey reached the banana.

Climbing is the participial and banana is the noun/object. Functions as an adjective.

Appositive Phrases

A phrase that renames the noun. If taken out a sentence still remains.


Sherry, the grandma with the fro, jumped into the pool.

Sherry is the noun. in between the 2 commas is the appositive phrase. The phrase is identifying the noun. If the phrase is taken out it is still a sentence.

Simple sentences (Independent Clause)

A sentence containing a subject and a predicate. Only contains 1 clause which that 1 clause is an independent.


Sam is the speaker for the play.

Sam is the subject and "the play" is the predicate it's identifying the noun. It is one independent clause.

Compound Sentences (Independent Clauses)

A compound sentence has more than one subject or predicate. It is two independent clauses joined together with a comma and or a subordinating conjunction.


Mary ate 2 apples, while john only ate 1.

Mary and john are the subjects. Comma and while is what combines them. If the comma and while were taken out there would be 2 sentences remaining.

Complex Sentences (Independent and Dependent Clauses)

A complex sentence is an independent and dependent clause joined together. If the dependent clause comes before the independent clause there has to be a comma, but if the dependent clause comes after the independent clause there is no need for a comma.


While John went to the supermarket, Ann stayed home

Kalie had volleyball practice while Jack had soccer practice.

In the first sentence John and Ann are the subjects. Since the dependent clause came before the independent then there had to be a comma. In the second sentence there wasn't a need for a comma since the independent started off the sentence.

Guaranteed to help learn about sentences