Segregation in Africa
What was Apartheid?
Apartheid, meaning "separate" in Afrikaans, is a policy of racial segregation. Under apartheid, the nonwhite population was forced to be segregated from the whites. Its laws remained for 50 years, despite opposition. It was created because of different reasons. One of them was white superiority, existing for years before apartheid. Another is because of the economic problems from the Great Depression and WW2. This convinced the government to strengthen the segregational policies between races. Not only between blacks and whites but into four separate categories, Black/Bantu, White, Asian, Colored/ Mixed.
When/ Where was Apartheid?
Who was involved?
- Nelson Mandela was captured imprisoned from 1963 to 1990 for being an anti-apartheid leader. This caused international recognition and helped the support of anti-apartheid cause.
-Nelson Mandela also worked closely with President F.W. de Klerk's government to draw up a new constitution for South Africa and get rid of the segragrational law.
- In 1939- the Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act was initiated. This act made it illegal for anyone of different races to have relationships/ marriages.
- In 1960- the police opened fire on a group of unarmed blacks in the town of Sharpesville. At least 67 blacks were killed and 180 wounded. This convinced some anti-apartheid leaders could not achieve goals without peace.
- In 1962, Nelson Mandela was arrested.
- In 1990, South African government ended censorship of media and freed prisoners.
- In 1994, Nelson Mandela is elected president of South Africa.