History of Islamic Religion

By: Carlos Moreno, Jacob Hertz, & Chris Lemus

Muhammad

  • Born and raised in the Arabic capitol of Mecca.
  • Worked for a wealthy widow and eventually married her.
  • Became a merchant by himself
  • After traveling for many years for his work as a merchant and being exposed to Judaism, Christianity, and Arabic polytheism he Muhammad experienced a powerful revelation of God.
  • He believed that there was one god named Allah, that Allah ruled the universe, that worshipping any other god(s) was idolatry, and that Allah would soon judge the world for their sins.

Islams Religion

  • The religion started when he had his religious transformation.
  • He shared his message throughout Mecca in ways including oral lessons.
  • His follower eventually stated to write his teachings and put the together and made the "Quran" (Like a Bible).

Religious Conflicts

  • Muhammad's teaching were seen as threats.
  • Ruling elites forced Muhammad to leave Mecca.
  • Muhammad believed that Mecca was their rightful home so they decided to take it.
  • 630 C.E. Muhammad and his followers conquered Mecca.
  • People did not like the fact that Muhammad destroyed almost all religious shrines. (Only the religious shrine that wasn't destroyed was the Ka'ba)

The "Seal of the Prophet"

  • Muhammad thought that he was the final prophet before Allah (God) judged the world.
  • He taught to accept Monotheism (One god "Allah")
  • Saw himself as messenger who communicated Allah's wishes and plans for the world.

Five Pillars of Islam

  • He created the Five Pillars of Islam:
  1. Muslims must acknowledge Allah as only god and Muhammad as his prophet.
  2. Muslims must pray to Allah daily.
  3. Muslims must observe a fast during the daylight hours of the months of Ramadan.
  4. Muslims must donate money for the relief of the poor and weak.
  5. In honor of Muhammad's visits to Mecca, those who are physically and finically able must undertake the "hdji" and make at least 1 pilgrimage to Mecca.

Establishment of the Islamic Empire

  • After Muhammad's death, his advisors selected a Caliph to lead the Islamic Empire.
  • Factions in government led to the formation of the Ummad dynasty.
  • After the Ummian decline he emerged the Abasid dynasty.

Sources: Traditions and Encounters: A Global Perspective on the Past By: Jerry H. Bentley & Herbert F. Zielger