Cloning

Genetic Engineering

Backround Info

History: A lamb named Dolly was the first mammal to be cloned by somatic cells from a female lamb.


Key People: Hans Adolf- made the first demonstration of embryo cloning using sea urchin.


First Expreiments: Dolly was the first lamb cloned. 1997-Don Wolf cloned two rhesus monkeys.

Technology

Types: vectors- a piece of DNA from a virus that can insert a foregin DNA into another.


Benefits: Replacing organs, tissues, lost family members, clone transplant, saving species, extinction, infertility.


Risks: Low success rate, genetic mutaions, diseases remain in clones, tumors, over growth syndrome.

Regulations

Who?- Congress

What?- Banned cloning & cloning research

Why?- Cloning animals-possibility of posinous food (food safety)