By: Marco Sevilla
CIVIL WAR ACT OF 1866
The Civil Rights Act of 1866, 14 enacted April 9, 1866, was the first United States federal law to define US citizenship and affirmed that all citizens were equally protected by the law It was mainly intended to protect the civil rights of African Americans, in the wake of the American Civil War. This legislation was enacted by Congress in 1865 but vetoed by President Andrew Johnson. In April 1866 Congress again passed the bill. Although Johnson again vetoed it a two-thirds majority in each house overcame the veto and the bill ostensibly became law.