The Cold War

Ashley Kim

What was the Cold War?

The Cold War, according to History Channel, was the rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union after the end of WWII and continuing into the second half of the twentieth century. Although it was not an actual physical war, it would go on to affect the entire world as the two countries went each other's governments: capitalism and communism. It officially began in 1945 as the two governmental ideals clashed after the defeat of Germany and Japan.

Characteristics of the Cold War

Containment

Containment is the action of keeping something harmful under control or within limits. This policy was used heavily by the United States to keep the Soviet Union's communist government from spreading to more countries in Europe. Because the Cold War was between the United States' capitalist government and the Soviet Union's communist government, it was vital for the Soviets to stop spreading their ways.

Iron Curtain

The Iron Curtain was the national barrier set by the Soviet Union, separating itself and half of the European countries from the West- the United States, Great Britain, and others. This barrier became known worldwide in 1946 as Winston Churchill gave his famous "Iron Curtain" speech, condemning the Soviets for their policies and actions in Eastern Europe.

Brinkmanship

Brinkmanship is the practice of pushing an already dangerous situation to the brink of disaster. This policy was the "technique of using aggressive risk-taking policy choices that court potential disaster" (Britannica). It began in 1950 to secure political advantage by appearing to be willing to follow through with dangerous policy. This policy revolved around fear tactics, such as the threat of starting a nuclear war.
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Space Race

The Space Race grew out of the Cold War and was between the United States and the Soviet Union, which were the two most powerful nations at the time. These two superpowers competed for an establishment of either a democratic society or a socialist government. The race officially started on October 4, 1957 when the Soviets launched Sputnik I. In response, in 1961, President Kennedy announced the plan for the nation to be the first to have a man walk on the moon; this came true in 1969 with Neil Armstrong. Both countries used their technologies to show their superiority. Some of the vehicles that appeared during the Space race were Saturn V, R-7 Semyorka rocket, Juno I, and Explorer I.
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McCarthyism

McCarthyism appeared when the Red Scare came around again for the second time. Paranoid officials began to accuse people that were suspicious of being communists. Named after the senator Joseph McCarthy, this term grew popular as more and more claims of Soviet espionage being present in the government arose. The HUAC, or House Un-American Activities Committee, was the committee sent out by the House of Representatives that was in charge of investigating people that were suspected of being communists. During this period, the McCarran Act was made, which established a more careful examination of potential immigrants and issued an immediate deportation of anyone part of any communist organization. Like the Salem Witch Trials, there were many innocent people that were arrested just for being suspicious and due to the pressure of the event, many random names were to be given.

Works Cited (Information)

1. History.com Staff. "Cold War History." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 04 July 2016.

2. The Editors of Encyplopedia Britannica. "Containment." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. 3. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 04 July 2016.
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