Roman Catholicism

By: Savannah Connor, Michaela Pool, and Dylan Taylor

History of Roman Catholicism

For the first thousand years of Christianity, before Roman Catholicism, there was only one holy Catholic Church.

Main Beliefs

Catholics believe that Jesus Christ was born on December 25, 0 AD.

They follow 7 sacraments in this order:


  • Baptism- first step in a lifelong journey of commitment and discipleship
  • Reconciliation- three elements: conversion, confession and celebration
  • First Communion- Upon receiving Christ's Body and Blood, we also are nourished spiritually and brought closer to God.
  • Confirmation- Often associated with the gifts of the Holy Spirit.
  • Holy Matrimony- one gives oneself totally to this other person
  • Holy Orders- the priest being ordained vows to lead other Catholics
  • Anointing of the Sick- a ritual of healing appropriate

Special Rituals and Practices

There are many rituals and practices of Roman Catholicism. The most important are the Mass, Baptism, Confession, Praying with Rosary, and receiving Communion. The Mass, most likely the most important to Catholics, is the Lord's Supper.

Who

Jesus Christ is believed to have been the founder of Roman Catholicism.

The Catholic Church claims it originated through the death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus Christ

What

Roman Catholicism dates back to the death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus Christ in Judea. Roman Catholicism was founded in Pentecost in 30 A.D.

When

Roman Catholicism was founded in 30 A.D.

The original Catholic church was established in 63 A.D.

Where

Roman Catholicism was founded in Pentecost in 30 A.D.

The original Catholic church was established in 63 A.D. and is located in Rome.

Where it's Practiced

Roman Catholicism is the most practiced religion, it is practiced universally. It is practiced in 5 continents. It is mainly concentrated in the southern portion of Europe, the U.S., and the majority of Central and South America.
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Why

Roman Catholicism is said to have been created because Jesus was supposed to come down to earth a second time. His apostles were dying and someone had to keep the belief alive and tell people of the story of Jesus Christ. The apostolic succession had to continue thus creating Roman Catholicism.