The Arctic Fox

Alopex Lagopus

Classification

Kingdom: Anamalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Carnivora

Family: Canidae

Species: Alopex

Habitat

The Arctic Fox is located in the northern hemisphere usually found in colder parts of Canada, Alaska, Northern Asia, and Europe. Because the Arctic Fox has such a thick coat of fur, it is able to spend most of it's time in the snow. Also, it is usually located in coastal areas.

Diet

The Arctic Fox is an omnivore, meaning it eats plants and animals. Generally, during the winter, the fox will eat marine mammals, invertebrates, sea birds, fish, and seal. It will eat insects, berries, carrion, and even the stool of animals or human. Not only this, but the fox will also eat seaweed and larvae when other prey is scarce.

Behavior

These foxes live nomadic lives in small groups. They do not hibernate, but they do construct homes in cliffs called dens in which a family social group forms. This social group is made up of an adult male, the litter, and two vixen which are born in order to take care of the next litter.

Evolutionary Relationships

The Arctic Fox is in order carnivora. Other animals in this order include bats, marsupial mammals, primates, and dolphins and whales therefore, the Arctic fox is related to these other animals.

Social Interactions

The Arctic Fox lives solitary once mating and they do not keep their mate for life. The mother raises the young fox while the father goes out to hunt. After 14-15 weeks, when the pups are strong enough and have had ample nourishment, they will leave.

Movement

Arctic foxes can move at a maximum speed of 35 miles per hour. They have legs to help them trudge through the snowy grounds in their habitats. The fox's paws are sheathed in deep fur to help them keep from becoming cold.

Size

28 in- 43 in

Weight:

3 lbs- 21 lbs

Predators

Because the fox lives in such an arctic climate, there are few natural predators towards them. Polar bears, wolf packs, and humans are basically their only predators as well as large birds of prey like the snowy owl. The birds mostly are just predators of the smaller Arctic Foxes.