The Ancient Times

DYNASTY UPDATES

RAZIYA SULTANA FALLS PREY TO CONSPIRACY

Raziya Sultana , the daughter of Illtutmish and the first Muslim women ruler of Delhi sultanate was killed in battle.It is believed that conspirators had plotted against her. Being a women she had been facing many diffficulties and rebellions from the nobles . She led many army in wars and was a courageous fighter.She was one of the intrepid soldiers.In her four year rule (1236-1240) she established law and order in her kingdom.

CONQUEST OF ALA-UD-DIN KHALJI

Ala-ud-din Khalji was the first Turkish Sultan to build an empire in India.It marked the beginning of the imperial age under Islam.He conquered territories in quick succession.He followed the policy of defending the kingdom from the Mongol invasions.His expansion of empire included successful campaigns in Gujarat,Malwa,Ranthambore,Chittor etc.He bought all his territories under direct control and rulers had to pay huge amount as tributes.He brought about reforms in land revenue.He also started market revenue system.

POLITICAL FAILED PROJECTS OF MUHAMMAD-BIN-TUGHLUQ

Muhammad-bin-Tughluq devised three famous projects namely,increase of taxes in Doab,transfer of capital from Delhi to Devagiri and introduction of token currency.All the projects had failed miserably.In order to feed the soldiers,the taxes were collected for meeting the expenses and maintaining the army.for this purpose he levied additional taxes which led to the famines.

In order to control the prices,he issued Token currency which was made of cheap metals.the people used to pay taxes through the token currency which could also be counterfeited easily.People forged the coins and circulated in the market.Absence of proper minting facilities led to the faliure of this project.It had to be reconsidered. The transfer of the capital from Delhi to Daulatabad caused great hardships to the people.All these measures created complications and was a total disaster.

Prithvi Raj Makkootan ; Class:7-O