Tourette Syndrome

By: Ellie Britton and Kayden Freeman

Definition

Tourette syndrome is a chronic neurological disorder associated with repetitive, involuntary movements and vocalizations called tics.

Signs And Symptoms

Tics are sudden, brief intermittent movements or sounds. Simple tics= sticking the tongue out, eye blinking, head jerking, shoulder shrugging, eye darting, finger flexing, hiccuping, yelling, throat clearing, and barking. Complex tics= touching the nose, touching other people, smelling objects, obscene gesturing, flapping your arms, hopping, using different tones of voice, repeating one's words or phrases, using vulgur obscene words or swear words

Facts

* Nervous system disorder that starts in your childhood


* You can live a normal life span with Tourette syndrome


* No way known to prevent it. It is caused genetic and environment factors.


*genetics- inherited disorder and brain abnormalities- certain chemicals in the brain that transmit nerve impulses [neurotransmitters] may play a role, including dopamine and serotonin


* Males are 3 to 4 more times likely to develop tourette syndrome.

Diagnosis

Doctors must rely on the history of symptoms to diagnose the disorder
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Myth About Tourette Syndrome

Genetic factors don't play a role in tourette syndrome.

Treatment

There is no cure. Medications can help to control or minimize tics.