Basketball

Created By: Gurtaj Dhami

Introduction

Basketball is a sport played by two teams of five players on the court. The goal is to shoot the ball through the hoop. Basketball is one of the world's most popular sports. A team can score a field goal by shooting the ball through the basket during regular play. A field goal scores two points for the shooting team if a player is touching or closer to the basket than the three-point line, and three points if the player is behind the three-point line. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if there is a draw then they get an overtime until you don't break the draw then it keeps on going.

Some Basic Rules

Positions

Each player is assigned a position when playing. This position is usually determined by the height of the player. The tallest player on the team usually plays “center” also known as “position 5”, while the medium size ones play “forwards” / “position 3 and 4”. The shortest players then play “guards” / “position 1 and 2”.

Fouls

A foul is an illegal action that can be committed by player from one team against a player from the opposing team. Basketball is generally said to be a non-contact game. If contact occurs beyond what is deemed to be reasonable, or if a player thereby obtains an unfair advantage from it, a foul is committed. There are two types of fouls. The first are called defensive fouls. They occur when the offensive player is being fouled by the defender. Defenders should not block, push, trip, strike or hold the player in possession of the ball. The second ones are the offensive fouls. For example, a player in offence commits a foul when charging into a stationary defender.

Scoring

A player scores when they manages to throw the ball into the basket, with the ball passing through the basket from above the hoop. Scoring a basket increases the team’s score by 3, 2 or one point.If the player successfully shoots from outside of the 3 points line, the basket is worth 3 points, otherwise it is worth 2 points.It is also possible to score one point when shooting from the free throw line, after a foul for instance.

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