They May Be Small, But They Sure Are Strong
Small, But Strong!
About 25% of people are diagnosed with Mucopolysaccharidoses disease, also known as Morquio syndrome. Morquio syndrome is a condition where the body isn't able to break down chains of sugar carbohydrates, which are compounds of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, and the body needs this to feed the cells. These long chains of sugar carbohydrates occur within the cells that help build bone, cartilage, tendons, corneas, skin and connective tissue. There are many different types of Morquio syndrome, for instance, there is type A, and type B. Type A, or IV A, is when people are born with it and it can't break down sugar carbohydrates because their bodies can't produce enough enzymes, or protein, which is called N-acetylgalactosamine-6 sulfatase (GALNS). Type B, or IV B, is an autosomal recessive disorder, which is characterized by skeletal dysplasia (different shape in legs, arms, etc.) and corneal clouding, (when they have blurry vision) which are some if the symptoms. IV B has no central nervous system (consists of your brain and your spinal cord). It was originally described as a milder form of the IV A, but following that showed to be the results of defects. Morquio syndrome was first discovered, in patience by Hunter and Hurler in the early 1900s. Then, in 1929, Luis Morquio of Montevideo, Uruguay and by JF Brailsford of Birmingham, England. They all had found symptoms in their patients. Luis Morquio and JF Brailsford experienced some of the symptoms, and it had been observed in 4 siblings of the family.
A Girl And Her Best Friend
Bella Burton, age 11, was diagnosed with Morquio syndrome,which is a rare genetic disease, meaning that it was passed into her genes, when she was just two years old. This disease affected her bones and her walking abilities. She had gone through multiple surgeries and therapy, but still couldn't walk by herself, and had to use crutches, wheelchairs, etc. Until one day, she met her best friend, George, her Great Dane. George is a service dog who was trained help people like Bella. She says "I had wheelchairs, Canadian crutches, walkers, regular crutches, and then we got George and I dropped my crutches and started I use him." Bella who is only 43 pounds, uses George, a 130 pound Great Dane, has a crutch, guider, and her best friend!
Signs & Symptoms
More than likely, you don't usually notice the symptoms until the child is able to start to walk.
Some signs of Morquio Syndrome can be:
Short height, with a very short torso, which is from your chest to your waist down.
Unusual bone and spine development
A bell-shaped chest and flared ribs at the bottom
Possible heart and vision problems
Un-normal height for certain ages
A heart murmur
Sometimes they have broad mouths, which is a deformed mouth.
Loss of nerve function
Cloudy cornea of the eyes
A large liver
Deformed facial features
Any oddly shaped bones
There are many other symptoms of Morquio syndrome than the ones that have been listed up above.
Canadian Crutches vs. Regular Crutches
Annabelle was diagnosed with Morquio syndrome at an unusual age, she was only a few months old.
Sarah is 16 years old and was born with Morquio Syndrome and her dream was to be on the Ellen DeGeneres Show.
Sam is 6 years old, and has too lived with Morquio Syndrome.
Black, Kat. "What Are Canadian Crutches?" EHow. Demand Media, n.d. Web. 03 May 2016.
"Little Girl and the Great Dane Who Has Helped Her Walk Again." Mail Online. Associated Newspapers, n.d. Web. 03 May 2016.
Mckinney, Jean B. "Therapeutic Touch in Nursing Practice: Building the Knowledge." Worldviews Evidence-Based Nursing Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing E2.1 (1995): 80-93. Web.
"Morquio's Syndrome. Learn about Morquio Syndrome | Patient." Patient. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 May 2016.
"Morquio Syndrome: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 03 May 2016.
"MORQUIOSITY." MORQUIOSITY. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 May 2016
"Morquio Syndrome - NORD (National Organization for Rare Disorders)." NORD (National Organization for Rare Disorders). N.p., n.d. Web. 03 May 2016.
"Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS)." SpringerReference (n.d.): n. pag. Web.
N.p., n.d. Web.
N.p., n.d. Web.
N.p., n.d. Web.
N.p., n.d. Web