Basic Legal Concepts

Definitions

custom

  • a group pattern of habitual activity usually transmitted from one generation to another.
  • a habitual practice; the usual way of acting in given circumstances.
  • habits or usages collectively; convention.
  • a practice so long established that it has the force of law.


rule

  • the customary or normal circumstance, occurrence, manner, practice, quality, etc.
  • a principle or regulation governing conduct, action, procedure, arrangement, etc.


law

  • the principles and regulations established in a community by some authority and applicable to its people, whether in the form of legislation or of custom and policies recognized and enforced by judicial decision.
  • any written or positive rule or collection of rules prescribed under the authority of the state or nation,as by the people in its constitution.
  • a system or collection of such rules.


values

  • the moral principles and beliefs or accepted standards of a person or social group


ethics

  • Ethics is concerned with distinguishing between good and evil in the world, between right and wrong human actions, and between virtuous and non-virtuous characteristics of people.
  • a social, religious, or civil code of behaviour considered correct, esp that of a particular group, profession, or individual


justice

  • the principle of fairness that like cases should be treated alike
  • particular distribution of benefits and burdens fairly in accordance with a particular conception of what are to count as like cases
  • the principle that punishment should be proportionate to the offence
  • conformity to the law; legal validity
  • the administration of law according to prescribed and accepted principles


equality

  • the state or quality of being equal; correspondence in quantity, degree, value, rank, or ability.


fairness

  • the state, condition, or quality of being fair, or free from bias or injustice


access

  • the ability, right, or permission to approach, enter, speak with, or use