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By: Rachel New

The Industrial Revolution

Before the Industrial Revolution nine people out of ten people lived in rural areas before the Industrial Revolution. Regular people used their hands to make clothes and other things they needed. There were no machines, no electricity, and no clocks. The spinning jenny helped to make wool into thread. The women did not have to make as much thread with their hands anymore. People started to use water to power machines with hydraulic power. The power looms ended the cottage industry when people didn't have to stay at home to work. Factories were a turning point because people had to leave home to earn a living. The population in the cities increased rapidly. A large number of human lives began to be regulated by the factory bells that rang in the morning and the evening. When the earliest factories began, they employed young children and paid them almost nothing for their hard work. In America, in the mid-1800's, eight out of ten workers were young women ages fifteen to thirty. They had to work in very poor conditions, loud machines, machines dangerous to operate, long hours, and the air was damaging to their lungs, and very low wages.

Click for an Example on an Assembly Line!

BrainPop Video on Assembly Line

Assembly Line

The assembly line made the production process faster and more productive. Henry Ford was one of the first to use an assembly line. One person building something by themselves makes less of the product than an assembly line building the same thing. The assembly line made things cheaper.

Inventors and Their Impact on the World

Eli Whitney: The Cotton Gin removed seeds from raw cotton. Cotton production increased and so did the number of slaves.

Thomas Edison: The light bulb helps people do work in the dark. Electricity production increased.

Samuel F. B. Morse: Morse Code helped people communicate over long distances with the telegraph.

Child Labor

Child labor started when the Industrial Revolution began. Children would go to work in factories for about 12 hours at a time. There was a night and daytime shift for two different groups. The daytime shift started at 6:00 AM and ended at 6:00 PM. The nighttime shift started at 6:00 PM and ended at 6:00 AM. The children waited in line outside the doors of the factories when their shifts were about to start. The machines were dangerous to operate, damaging to the children's lungs, and the factory owners didn't know how dangerous the machines were to the children.