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By: Rachel New
The Industrial Revolution
Before the Industrial Revolution nine people out of ten people lived in rural areas before the Industrial Revolution. Regular people used their hands to make clothes and other things they needed. There were no machines, no electricity, and no clocks. The spinning jenny helped to make wool into thread. The women did not have to make as much thread with their hands anymore. People started to use water to power machines with hydraulic power. The power looms ended the cottage industry when people didn't have to stay at home to work. Factories were a turning point because people had to leave home to earn a living. The population in the cities increased rapidly. A large number of human lives began to be regulated by the factory bells that rang in the morning and the evening. When the earliest factories began, they employed young children and paid them almost nothing for their hard work. In America, in the mid-1800's, eight out of ten workers were young women ages fifteen to thirty. They had to work in very poor conditions, loud machines, machines dangerous to operate, long hours, and the air was damaging to their lungs, and very low wages.
Inventors and Their Impact on the World
Thomas Edison: The light bulb helps people do work in the dark. Electricity production increased.
Samuel F. B. Morse: Morse Code helped people communicate over long distances with the telegraph.