The Grassland

by david santiago

Animals in the grassland

In the grassland there animals such as, Africa elephant, black-footed ferret, lion, giraffe, bison, and black rhinoceros. The animals live in the grassland because there, grass, leaves, plants, fruits. Lions like to eat mammals, small mammals, and birds. Did you know the ground squirrel and kangaroo rat do not sweat? The black-footed ferret feeds mainly on prairie dogs. The black-footed ferret mostly eats small mammals. The black-footed ferret is a carnivore. Lions are powerful built cats. Lions have strong legs and a long tail. Lionesses do most of the hunting, often in groups, some acting as beaters to drive prey toward other lionesses lying in wait. Lions attack by stalking their prey and approaching it as closely as possible before making a short, rapid chase and pounce. This adaption of hunting together helps them survive. Africa elephant has large ears and trunk. The large ears help keep them cool. Female elephant are smaller then males and have smaller tusks. Giraffe has long legs and its amazingly long neck, when erect stands up to 11 ft. at the shoulder. Both male and female have skin covered horns, one pair on the forehead and sometimes a smaller pair farther back, on the crown. Some animals migrate to find food during winter months.

location

You can find grassland in every continent except Antarctica. Temperate grasslands once covered much of the interior of North America, and they were common in Eurasia and South America as well. Did you know that in South America, grasslands are called "pampas" in Europe, "steppes" in Africa, "savannas".


climate/weather

The grassland climate is generally dry, averaging about 20 to 100 centimeters of rain per year. Summers are very hot and may reach 100°f. Winter temperature often fall below freezing, witch is 32°f.

plants

There a lot of grass but not a lot of trees. Grasses survive well in these conditions as on savannas they turn brown and become dormant meaning they do not grow during dry periods. Also grasses have long roots systems that go deep into the soil. The roots store water and allow the grasses to regenerate quickly after droughts and fires.