The Age of Napoleon

By Isabella, Lauren, Max, and Kyle G

Reconstruction of Government

- Before The Coup'deat, the overthrow of Government that put Napoleon in charge, the Directory was formed and was the governing body. They weren't doing very good at governing though, because they came after the Committee of Public safety, which caused many of the issues that the Directory is now in charge of. Instead of handling it themselves, they relied on the military more and more as time went on, to the point where the military was doing all the governing. Napoleon brought back the Church and made himself Consul for Life. When Napoleon came to power he destroyed and left alone some changes of the revolution. He destroyed the idea of a republic and turned France into a dictatorship where he had absolute power. However, he did give equal rights to citizens in every class (not including the females.) He also destroyed the idea of Republican Liberty when he gave himself absolute power. He did preserve religion by bringing back Catholicism which made the people and the Church happy.
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Financial System

The financial system before Napoleon came to power was not the best.
Napoleon made many changes to the existing system. He made fair taxes on the citizens, increased trade with other countries, made a new commercial code, and a central bank to hold the money made. He is the creator of Civil code, or code Napoleon. It was made up of other codes, Civil Procedure, Commercial Law, Penal Code, and Criminal Procedure. They made set laws for each province in France. Napoleon fixed the tax system so that even more income was made. He made levies on goods like wine, tobacco, and salt, to raise even more money. The Banque de France or central bank, is still standing in Laon, France.
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The Concordat Act of 1801

Concordat of 1801 was an agreement between Napoleon and the Catholic Church that took place on July 5th, 1801. It remained in effect until the year of 1905. This act sought to reverse the de-Christianization that occurred due to revolutionary ideals and concerns. This act was not in-line with revolutionary ideals. During the revolution, France was de-Christianized. Land was confiscated from the churches, and artifacts were stolen and sold. While The Concordat Act of 1801 declared Catholicism the primary religion of France, it did not return to the church the land that was taken. This appealed to the landowners of France. Both the Church and France’s landowners were pleased. The church got Catholicism declared to once more be the primary religion of France, as well as the church’s bishops and curés were granted salaries from France. Landowners did not have to sacrifice the stolen church land that they had bought. This compromise is a great example of Napoleon’s political skill.

Legal System

Before Napoleon took control of France, the legal system was ruled by the first and second estates. When France had been bordering on bankruptcy, the King had called the Estates-General to court. The first two estates would always out number the commoners vote two to one because each estate only received one vote. After Napoleon took over, he created a set of laws to replace France’s 300 different legal systems. The most important, the Napoleonic Code, focused on the equality of the people in the face of the law, and the abolition of serfs and feudalism. These reforms were in line with French Revolutionary ideas because a great portion of the revolution was about all men being equal, and ending unfair taxation, along with getting rid of all relics of feudalism. Beyond Napoleon’s rule, the Napoleonic code influenced many countries that were trying to reform their government.

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Educational System in France

During the Revolution School was not mandatory but It was offered to everyone when Napoleon came He let everyone come but school only focused on Obedience and Military skills. Though Math and Science were the only subjects that were considered important of that time.
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