MAHATMA GANDHI

Mahatma Gandhi is a Indian heroe.

WHO WAS MAHATMA GANDHI?

Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India, Mahatma Gandhi studied law and advocated for the civil rights of Indians, both at home under British rule and in South Africa. Gandhi became a leader of India’s independence movement, organizing boycotts against British institutions in peaceful forms of civil disobedience. He was killed by a fanatic in 1948.

BIOGRAPHY

Childhood

He was born in Porbandar, a coastal town West of the India, fruit of the marriage of Karamchand Gandhi (Prime Minister of the city) and his fourth wife: Putlibai Gandhi. His mother was one of his most important influences in life, since he learned respect for human beings, the virtues of vegetarianism and tolerance to different ways of thinking, including towards other faiths and religions.

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Youth

At age 18 he moved to London to study law at University College London. When he finished his studies he returned to Bombay to try to exercise as a lawyer, but the supersaturation of the profession at that time together with the lack of real experience of Gandhi in court precluded him fulfill such purpose. Luckily, that same year (1893) was presented the opportunity to work in South Africa, employment accepted on-site motivated by the struggle of resistance and nonviolent civil disobedience that his countrymen were being carried out to pressure and discrimination of the country towards the Hindu.

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Years in South Africa

There, in South Africa, Gandhi found in first-person strong rejection and hatred of Hindus, that motivated him in 1894 to create an Indian political party that defends their rights. After 22 years of non-violent protests in South Africa, Gandhi won power and enough respect to negotiate a solution to the Indian conflict with the South African general Jan Christian Smuts.

Return to India

In the year 1915 Gandhi returned to India, where I continue enacting their particularly political, philosophical and religious values. In recent years emphasized two major social protests: the March of the salt (1930) and the vindication of the independence of India from the British Empire in the context of the second World War (1939-1945). This last, which unwittingly involved the India in the war as a British dependency, together with all the years of non-violent struggle, finally led to the official independence of the India on 15 August 1947.

Death

A few months later, on 30 January 1948, Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a hindu ultra-derechista fan associated with the Government, which found in Gandhi an obstacle to lift their project of the rise of Hinduism to the detriment of other beliefs and religions. In this way, to defend its ideology of an egalitarian society, Gandhi die murdered at the age of 78.

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