Singapore

Rachel T period 6

Introduction

Singapore is officially called the Republic of Singapore, it is an island country in Southeast Asia. It lies 85 miles north of the equator. The country is like a big city, with very little rain forest remaining. The British claimed ownership over the island in 1824, and Singapore became one of the British settlements in 1826. In 2012 there were 5.32 million people 75% were Chinese.

Slogan- Singapore-"Uniquely Singapore"

Geography of Singapore:

Singapore is an island country in Southeast Asia. It lies 85 miles north of the equator. The country is like a big city, with very little rainforest remaining. Singapore consists of 63 islands, including the main island, widely known as Singapore Island but also as Pulau Ujong. 5% of Singapore's land is set aside as nature reserves. Urbanization has eliminated most primary rainforest on the main island, Bukit Timah Nature Reserve being the only significant remaining forest. There are only about 250 acres of farmland remaining in Singapore.

Climate of Singapore:

Singapore has a tropical rainforest climate with no distinctive seasons, uniform temperature and pressure, high humidity, and abundant rainfall. Temperatures usually range from 22 to 35° C (72 to 95° F). Relative humidity averages around 79% in the morning and 73% in the afternoon. April and May are the hottest months, with the wetter monsoon season from November to January. From July to October, there is often haze caused by bush fires in neighboring Indonesia. Although Singapore does not observe daylight saving time, it follows time zone GMT+8, one hour ahead of its geographical location.

People:

75% of Singapore’s population is Chinese. As of 2012, the population of Singapore is 5.312 million people, of whom 3.285 million (62%) are citizens while the rest (38%) are permanent residents or foreign workers/students. The median age of Singaporeans is 37 years old, and the average household size is 3.5 persons. Due to scarcity of land, four out of five Singaporeans live in subsidized, high-rise, public housing apartments. Live-in domestic helpers are quite common in Singapore and there are nearly 200,000 domestic helpers there. Home ownership rate is at 87.2%. Singaporean employees work an average of around 45 hours weekly, relatively long compared to many other nations. Mobile phone penetration rate is extremely high at 1,400 mobile phone subscribers per 1000 people. Around 1 in 10 residents owns a car.

Culture:

Singapore, as a country, in general is conservative socially, but some liberalization has occurred. At the national level, meritocracy, where one is judged based on one's ability, is heavily emphasized. Racial and religious harmony is regarded by the government as a crucial part of Singapore's success and played a part in building a Singaporean identity. Singapore has a reputation as a nanny state. The national flower of Singapore is the Vanda Miss Joaquim. Many national symbols such as the National Coat of Arms and the Lion Head symbol make use of the lion, as Singapore is known as the 'Lion City'. Public holidays in Singapore cover major Chinese, Western, Malay and Indian festivals.

Country Time Line:

2nd Century AD: Earliest Known Settlement on Singapore

It was an outpost of the Sumatran Srivijaya empire, namedTemasek ('sea town').

16th to 19th Centuries: Part of Johor Sultanate

In 1613, Portuguese raiders burnt down the settlement and the island sank into obscurity for the next two centuries. In 1819, Thomas Stamford Raffles arrived and signed a treaty with Sultan Hussein Shah of Johor on behalf of the British East India Company to develop the southern part of Singapore as a British trading post. In 1824, the entire island became a British possession under a further treaty with the Sultan and the Temenggong.

During World War II, the Imperial Japanese Army invaded British Malaya, culminating in the Battle of Singapore. The British were defeated, and surrendered on 15 February 1942. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill called this "the worst disaster and largest capitulation in British history".

1963: Independence from the United Kingdom

On 31 August 1963, Singapore declared independence from the United Kingdom and joined with the Federation of Malaya, the Crown Colony of Sarawak and British North Borneo to form the new Federation of Malaysia as the result of the 1962 Merger Referendum.

1965–1990: Independence from Malaysia and Lee Kuan Yew as Prime Minister

Singapore gained independence as the Republic of Singapore (remaining within the Commonwealth) on 9 August 1965 with Yusof bin Ishak as president and Lee Kuan Yew as Prime Minister.

1990–2004: Goh Chok Tong as Prime Minister

In 1990, Goh Chok Tong succeeded Lee as Prime Minister.

2004–present: Lee Hsien Loong as Prime Minister

In 2004, Lee Hsien Loong, the eldest son of Lee Kuan Yew, became the country's third prime minister.

Government & Citizenship:

Singapore is a sovereign republic, with a legal system based on the English common law. The Constitution lays down the fundamental principles and basic framework for the three organs of state, namely, the Executive, the Legislative and the Judiciary. The Executive comprises the Cabinet, which is responsible for the general direction of the Government and accountable to Parliament. The Legislature comprises the Parliament and is the legislative authority responsible for enacting legislation. The Judiciary's function is to independently administer justice. The Judiciary is safeguarded by the Constitution.

The Prime Minister of Singapore is appointed by the President of Singapore under Article 25 of the Constitution. The President, acting on the advice of the Prime Minister, also appoints other Ministers from among the Members of Parliament. The Prime Minister is the effective head of the executive branch of government. He chairs the Cabinet, which is the central decision-making body of the executive government. It is an organ of state and central to Singapore's system of government.

Economy:

Singapore is one of the world's leading commercial hubs, with the fourth-biggest financial center and one of the five busiest ports. Its globalized and diversified economy depends heavily on trade, especially in manufacturing. Manufacturing constituted 26 percent of Singapore's GDP in 2005. In terms of purchasing power parity, Singapore has the third-highest per capita income in the world. It ranks high in international rankings of education, healthcare, government transparency, and economic competitiveness.

Company List:

McDonalds

McDonalds would be a good type of restaurant in Singapore. They have a lot of people in Singapore. The people have a lot of money to spend and not a lot of time. They can get a fast lunch or breakfast for cheap. There are 5.3 million people that could buy from McDonalds, so McDonalds could get more customers. This would give McDonalds more money.

Academy Sports

Academy Sports would be a good business to open in Singapore because they don’t really have that much room to do anything so they need sports equipment that they can exercise with. They need way to get around town, like scooters, bicycles, rip-stix, and Academy sells those kind of things. These cost less money and take up less parking space. The American business would be able to open a lot more stores and make a lot more money.

Justice for Girls

Justice would be a good company because they have really cute clothes for young girls. They are designed by American designers. This would new fashions for Singapore girls. There are 5.3 million people in Singapore, and probably about one million of them are young girls. Most of the girls in America like Justice, so therefore the girls in Singapore would like it too. Justice could open more stores and make more money.

Wal-Mart

Wal-Mart is a very popular store in America. It has everything you need for life. And it’s cheap. You only need to go to one store to get all of your needs. Wal-Mart hires a lot of people, so a lot more people in Singapore could have jobs. The more people that have jobs, the more money in Singapore, so the people are happy. It’s good for the employees, it’s good for the customers, and it’s good for Singapore. This helps Wal-Mart make more money.

Toys R Us

Toys R Us would be a good store because there are probably about 2 million kids in Singapore. Since they don’t have a lot of room outside to play, they need toys to play with in the house. They sell video games, board games, baby toys, girl toys, boy toys, and lots more. The parents have to be at work and the kids have nothing to do, so they can get toys from Toys R Us to be more entertained. The parents have more money to spend because they are working. Toys R Us will make more money.