Vibrio

(Vibriosis)

What is it?

Vibriosis can cause disease in people who eat raw or under-cooked sea food or even have an open wound under sea water. The vibriosis disease is similar to Cholera.

Descriptive symptoms

Watery, sometimes bloody, Diarrhea and abdominal cramps, often with nausea, vomiting, fever, chills, and headache. A wound infected with Vibrio may be red, swollen and painful.

What Vibriosis looks like on the skin.

This is a foot that has been infected by vibriosis.

Where this disease occurs.

Between 1988 and 1991 21 cases of Vibrio parahemolyticus infection occurred in the United states. From 1988 to 1995 300 cases of Vibrio vulnificus disease occurred in the United States.

Deaths

There are 100 deaths a year from the vibriosis infection and 500 hospitalizations from the vibriosis infection.

Treatments

Some treatments are to help maintain survival longer like antibiotics.

Antibiotics used for vibriosis are

  • Doxycycline (100 mg PO/IV twice a day for 7-14 days) and a third-generation cephalosporin (e.g.,ceftazidime 1-2 g IV/IM every eight hours) is generally recommended

Another treatment for vibriosis of the limbs is commonly amputations.


Cite used- http://www.cdc.gov/vibrio/vibriov.html

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