Eye Cancer

By Jonah Wilkes

What Happens and Where?

The most common type of cancer in the eye is intraocular melanoma. This cancer develops from pigment-making cells called melanocytes, and it usually develops in the uvea part of the eye. Intraocular melanomas are usually made up of 2 different kinds of cells.

Possible Effects

  • Blurred vision
  • Seeing floaters
  • Redness or swelling of the eye
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Eye pain

Possible Causes

The risk of eye cancer is higher in African and Asian Americans, as well as people that have lighter colored eyes. The risk also goes up with age, and it is slightly more common in men. Like most cancers, it can also be inherited.

Treatment Options

Eye cancer can be treated through surgery, radiation therapy, laser therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy.
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How it is Diagnosed

There's no proven method to screen for eye cancer, although most doctors recommend yearly tests to see if eye cancer is developing.

Common Groups

Eye cancer is most common in the elderly, as well as African-Americans and Asian-Americans. Eye cancer is also slightly more likely in darker eyes.


Before doing this, I didn't even know eye cancer existed, so all that I learned about it is new information for me.