Cancer Treatments

By:Simon Padgen, Jed Chen

Cancer

Cancer is when some of the body’s cells begin to divide without stopping and spread into surrounding tissues.Cancer can start almost anywhere in the human body. Normally, when cells grow old or become damaged, they die, and new cells take their place.When cancer develops, however, this orderly process breaks down. As cells become more and more abnormal, old or damaged cells survive when they should die, and new cells form when they are not needed. These extra cells can divide without stopping and may form growths called tumors.

Treatment Developement

Chemotherapy

The National Cancer Institute, who studies cancer and possible treatments for it, uses chemotherapy to treat cancer. While Chemotherapy saves many lives, it is still not ideal. Chemotherapy works by stopping or slowing the growth of cancer cells, but it also kills or slows the growth of healthy cells that grow and divide quickly. As a result, side effects such as mouth sores, nausea, and hair loss may occur.

Why It's Possible

While Chemotherapy is not perfect, it has still saved many people and we can thank biotechnology for every life saved. Biotechnology was used to make chemotherapy and it is being used every day to develop new and improved treatments that will not bring as much harm to the patient. With these new treatments, we will hopefully be able to eventually remove cancer from the watch list.

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