The Tang dynasty

618-907 C.E

Runzhe cui


By overthrowing the last Sui emperor who some say went crazy Li Yuan became the first emperor of the Tang dynasty. Li Yuan moved the capitol city to Chang An which meant "long peace". The emperors of the Tang Dynasty repaired the Great Wall of China and finished making the Grand Canal, which made trade easier and provided water to many families. China forced tribes out of their territory and opened trade routes with many other countries. They also supported education, and built many colleges. The emperors made a strong central government. They also made alliances with Korea, and conquered parts of Tibet and Turkestan. But border raids and rebellions weakened the Tang dynasty. One time a rebellion leader called Huang Chao captured the capitol city. At the same time, the generals started fighting each other before putting an end to the Tang dynasty.

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During the Tang dynasty China traded with many places. They traded with countries in the Middle East and Europe. China traded jade, rice, porcelain, spices, and tea. Only rich people in these countries can drink tea, and that's where afternoon teatime came from. There were many trade routes, but the most famous one is the Silk Road. You had to cross many deserts and mountains if you want to get those spice and silk from China. During the Tang dynasty craftsman and political jobs were very important. In Rome you get good jobs if you came from a rich family, but in China you had to pass a test in order to get a political job or any other good job.

Inventions, technology, science and architecture

During the Tang dynasty there were many inventions. One of the inventions was gunpowder. Instead of using for guns, they used gunpowder for fireworks. Another invention was block printing. It took a long time to write books, not to mention copying the book a thousand times by hand. Now with block printing you can just print as many times as you want. “Diamond sutra” was the first block printed book. Also China invented the first clockwork, which rings at every hour. They also invented the first glass cylinder, playing cards, dominoes, and porcelain. Also during the Tang dynasty China has built many buildings like the tower of Xum Pagoda. They gave many influences to Korea, Vietnam, and Japan.

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Religon, culture and social life

During the many years of the Tang dynasty there were many emperors who promoted different beliefs. One empress named empress Wu and yes she was the only women emperor in China. She supported art and literature. She also showed favoritism to the Buddhism. But not all emperors liked Buddhism. One emperor called Taizong promoted education but followed Confucianism and gave many Confucians high government posts. Most of the emperors supported art and education, and built many colleges. Many of the people during the Tang dynasty were farmers, and their houses were made of bamboo. Most of the people wore simple cloths; farmers usually had around 15 acres of land. In the city there were many shops. Rich people got to wore silk clothing and many of the rich people had their own servants. The cities were called blocks there were a total of 110 blocks throughout China. In the city there were many concerts and anybody people could attend them for free whether you were rich or poor. Boys go to school for free and some hobbies they enjoyed were hunting, fishing, and polo, which was like football.