THE REPUBLIC OF IRELAND

by Jake Kotzman

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TRANSLATION FOR IRISH LANGUAGE (GAELIC)

(English) Hello (Irish) Dia duit

(English) How Much (Irish) cé mhéad

(English) Please (Irish) le do thoil

(English) Thank you (Irish) Go raibh maith agat

(English) Never mind (Irish) Ná aigne

(English) No Thank you (Irish) Níl go raibh maith agat

(English) Sorry (Irish) Tá brón orm

(The word yes is the same in both languages)

(English) no (Irish) aon

(English) excuse me (Irish) excuse dom

(English) My name is (Irish) Is é mo ainm

MONEY

In Ireland, like many other countries in Europe, they use money called Euros. In Euros, the coins are worth more than the dollar bills. One dollar in US money equals $0.80 in Euros.

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POINTS OF INTEREST

Some of the top 3 places to visit in Ireland are, The Cliffs of Moher, The Ring of Kerry, and the Giant’s Causeway.

CLIFFS OF MOHER

The Cliffs of Moher are Ireland's most visited attraction with an amazing vista that captures the hearts of up to one million visitors per year.

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RING OF KERRY

The Ring of Kerry is a 179 kilometer long circle shaped tourist route in County Kerry, south-western Ireland. The Ring of Kerry has amazing views and provides a great insight into Ireland's ancient heritage, seeing Iron Age Forts and old monasteries.

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The Giants Causeway

The Giant’s Causeway is an area of about 40,000 interlocking basalt columns, the result of an ancient volcano eruption.

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LIMERICK IRELAND

Some cities in Ireland are Limerick and Waterford. Limerick is a city in Ireland that is located in the Midwest region and is part of province of Munster. It is famous for having world famous cranberries, and being home of the world famous foot stomping live music scene. Population: 191,809.

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WATERFORD IRELAND

Waterford is the oldest city in Ireland and is located in the southeast region and is also part of province of munster. Waterford is famous for it's crystal ware and intriguing medieval history. Population: 46,732.

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Most Irish people enjoy golf, water sports, cycling, walking, running, and fishing. Irish people also enjoy their sports like gaelic football, which is similar to rugby, and hurling which is similar to field hockey. The Irish also enjoy, Irish dancing, and socializing with family and friends in pubs, because Ireland is famous for the Guinness brewery.
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THREE MAJOR CITIES

The three major, cities of Ireland are Dublin, Cork, and Galway.

DUBLIN IRELAND

Dublin is the capital city of the Republic of Ireland and has been the island's largest colonization since the Middle Ages. Established on Ireland's east coast, it is a world center for education, media and international trade and is the only Irish city with a population containing 1 million people. Dublin was founded as a viking settlement and in the 17th century, British Empires second largest city, however in 1922 Dublin became the Irish Free State, now known as the republic of Ireland. Dublin is where the national parliament.(government) There are many landmarks and monuments in Dublin. One of the oldest is the Dublin Castle, which was built in 1204. A newer monument, is the Spire of Dublin,also called, monument of light. It is 398 feet tall, and made of stainless steal, it represents, Dublin's place, in the 21st century. Trinity college, Dublin is visited to see the “Book of Kells”. This illustrated manuscript was created by Irish monks in the 800s AD. Other popular places include an old iron foot bridge, called the Ha’penny Bridge, the molly malone statue, St Patricks Cathedral and the Guinness Brewery.

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CORK IRELAND

Cork is the biggest city in the province of Munster. It is in Ireland’s largest county, County Cork. Cork is the economic and industrial heart of the county. Often called by Corkonians as the "real capital of Ireland", it is one of Ireland's oldest cities, existing since the 900s. The Greater Cork area has a population of over 380,000 people. There are many interesting sights in cork, for example, St. Anne’s Church has a 300 year old tower where you can ring the Shandon Bells, and and admire the French Gothic spires of st. Pinbarren’s Cathedral. But no visit to Cork would be complete without visiting the Blarney Castle, home to the famous Blarney Stone. Kissing the stone is a tradition and said to give the gift of eloquence.

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Galway Ireland

Galway is a coastal city situated on the Northern shore of Galway Bay on the west coast of Ireland. It is the largest city in the province of Connacht. Galway is also a core for industry, education, healthcare,administration,the arts, and economy . Galway is also a major tourist destination and and is second only to Dublin. It is also called by locals as Ireland’s Cultural Heart, famous for many festivals, events and vibrant lifestyle. Places of interest include Lynch’s Castle, which is said to be the greatest medieval house existing in Ireland. Also the Church of Ireland, St. Nicholas’s Collegiate Church which was built in 1320 and is the largest medieval church still actively used everyday in Ireland.

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The population of Ireland was estimated at 4,832,765 in 2014.

IRELAND CLOTHES

The traditional clothes of Ireland are linked to the unique patterns of the family clans which are hand knitted into sweaters. Aran sweaters are popular as well as tweed garments that are handwoven in Ireland. Patchwork is also popular in the clothing and the unique stitching symbolizes the family clans too. Linen and wool caps are popular but today many modern Irish people do not wear traditional family clan garments and every day dress for people is similar to American clothes.
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IRISH CUSTOMS

Customs of Ireland include a lively folk culture, many people take part in musical, dance and storytelling celebrations. people also like to produce crafts and make items such as glass, ceramics, linens, embroidery and knitwear.The local pub is a major center for small villages and neighborhoods and important for the community to come together for conversation, storytelling and jokes. Traditions of Ireland are linked closely to religion because Ireland has a large Roman Catholic majority, around 90 percent. Christmas is very special to the Irish and holy symbols and nativity scenes cover Ireland during the Christmas Holidays. A huge majority of Irish attend Christmas Mass at church and enjoy a traditional christmas dinner. St Stephen’s Day is another important holiday during Christmas and falls the day after Christmas, it is known also as Boxing day and most Irish treat it as a day of rest to visit the church and enjoy another festive meal. St. Patricks day is also a very popular holiday celebrated all around the world to help us remember our irish ancestors. Ireland also started Halloween , it was known as Samhain back in the year 835 and the introduction of Christianity played a huge part in Samhain because people dressed up as evil spirits to pacify them and the custom of trick and treating happened because children went door to door offering prayers for the souls of the deceased in exchange or food.

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IRISH FOOD

The main diet of the Irish is potatoes, grains and dairy. Also since Ireland is surrounded by the sea, the cuisine has a lot of seafood. Hearty soups and Irish stews are also a popular and the most common meats are lamb, beef and pork. Cabbage is a popular vegetable and Irish stew has been the Irish national dish for over two centuries. Soda bread which is a crusty brown bread is also a national dish of Ireland. Popular beverages include tea and alcoholic beverages are popular like whisky and beer. “Irish coffee,” is popular around the world and it is whisky with coffee and whipped cream.

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LATITUDE AND LOGITUDE

Ireland is in the continent of Europe and has a latitude of 53 degrees North and longitude 8 degrees West. Carrauntoohil mountain in County Kerry has the highest peak at 3,415 ft above sea level. Ireland has a rugged coastline with many islands, peninsulas and bays. The River Shannon runs through the middle of Ireland and is 240 miles long, the longest in the country. Ireland’s largest lake is Lough Corrib near Galway. The climate of Ireland is temperate and does not have temperature extremes. It is mild with a lot of rainfall and the average temperature is 50 degrees fahrenheit.

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POPULAR ATTRACTIONS OF IRELAND

Cliffs Of Moher

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Blarney Stone

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Ring Of Kerry

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Giants Causeway

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Dublin Zoo

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The Burren

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Connemara

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5 Interesting Facts About The Republic of Ireland

-The Irish drink about 131 liters of beer per year.
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-Over one million Irish people don’t actually live in Ireland, that’s about a fourth of the population in Ireland now.

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-St. Patricks day (March 17th) is celebrated in all corners in the world, and it is a day to celebrate all Irish culture, and heritage. St. Patrick was a 5th century Christian missionary and bishop in Ireland.

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-In Ireland, in Irish, Ireland is called Éire (I-rah) or the Republic of Ireland.

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-A number of multinational technology corporations have set up European headquarters in Ireland to help it become one of the largest exporters of hardware and software-related goods and services in the world.

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_Ireland


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The History of Ireland

by Richard Tames, illustrated by Robin Lawrie



The Pictures


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