Revision Resource

Online Security and Advanced Searching

Online Security

What is Phishing?

Definition: The activity of defrauding an online account holder of financial information by posing as a legitimate company. Phishing exercises in which criminals create replicas of commercial Web sites.

The act of sending email that falsely claims to be from a legitimate organization. This is usually combined with a threat or request for information: for example, that an account will close, a balance is due, or information is missing from an account.

What are the safety precautions that websites take?

The use of drop down lists, non keystroke log ins, only ask for personal information if needed etc.

How do you spot fraud emails and websites?

Who created the information or website? If it was created by an organization, what is the purpose of the organization?
Who is the target audience for the website or information?
Are there independent sources of information quoted on the website?
Is there contact information on the website?
Is the information up to date?
How regularly is the website updated?
Is the site properly designed?
Does it carry official logos?

Advanced Searching

Advanced Search

Advanced Search is a feature offered by most search engines and search tools on the Internet. Advanced search gives the searcher the ability to narrow their searches by a series of different filters; i.e., language, proximity, domain, etc.

Boolean Searching

Boolean search allows you to combine words and phrases using the words 'AND', 'OR', 'NOT' and 'NEAR' to limit, widen, or define your search. Most search engines do default to these Boolean search parameters but others have to be set up by the searcher.

Exact Phrasing

The EXACT PHRASE search method will find documents that contain the exact phrase as you typed it. For example, if you type "to be or not to be" and choose Exact Phrase, your results will include documents that contain that exact phrase, "to be or not to be"