North & West Africa

Egypt, Algeria, Nigeria, and Ghana


Egypt is across the Red Sea from Saudi Arabia.

The Islam is Egypt's official religion, and also is its major religion.

Egypt's economy is based ion agriculture, and major industries

Agriculture: Cotton, rice

Major industries: textiles, tourism, chemicals, petroleum

Major exports: Petroleum, petroleum products, cotton, yarn, raw cotton, textiles, metal products, chemicals.

Major imports: Machiner and equipment, foods, fertilizer, wood products, goods to sell, raw materials.

In Egypt, there is a diversity of life styles

There is the urban life, and the rural life.

Urban life: About half of all Egyptians live in cities. Many people move to tje cities from rural areas. They hope to find a better education, and also better jobs.

Rural life: In the rural areas of Egypt, most people live in villages along the nile, or the Suez Canal. Most villagers make their living by farming. These farmers are called "Fallaheen".

Whether living in a city, or in a rural area, most Egyptians hope that renewing their Muslism faith every day will help them to maintain traditional values, and customs in a modern age.

Besides, Egypt is very well known because of its pyramids.


Algeria is located in Northwest Africa, from the Mediterranean into the Sahara

It has a population of 32.3 millon opf people.

Its economy is based on agriculture, and major industries.

Agriculture: Grains, fruit,olives

Major industries: Oil, natural gas, light industry, food processing.

Major exports: Petroleum, natural gas.

Major imports: Machinery and raw materials, food and beverages, goods to sell

Algeria has a very hot climate (about 124ºF = 51ºC)

The Sahara covers all of Algeria south of the Atlas Mountains , and water in short supply in this area. Fot this reason fewer than 3% of algeria's people live here, but Berber, and Arab nomads have survived in the Sahara for hundreds of years.

The two main groups of Algeria are the Berbers, and the Arabs.

The Berbers have lived in North Africa since 3000 B.C. Most Berbers live in villages in rural areas, and continue to follow traditional ways of life.

The Arabs conquered north africa gradually, over hundreds of years. Peace in the region came about when most Berbers accepted the religion Islam.

About half of Algerian's people live in cities.

Berbers and Arabs have mixed over the centuries. Both groups are Muslim, and most Berbers speak Berber and Arabic


Nigeria is located at the southern coast of West Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean.

It has a population of about 129.9 million people

its government is Transitional

Its economy is based in Agricultire, and Major industries

Agriculture: Cocoa, rubber

Major industries: Petroleum, food processing, textiles

Major exports: Petroleum 95% of all exports, cocoa, rubber

Major imports: machinery and equipment, manufactured goods, food, animals

Nigeris's language isn't Nigeran. Nigerians speak more than 250 languages!

Each langage match its ethnic group.

Nigeria's 3 most common languages are: Hausa, Yoruba, and Ibo.

The Yoruba makes the 21% of the ethnic groups, the Hausa 23%, Ibo 18%, Fulani 11%, and others 29 %.


Ghana is located in the southern coast of West Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean.

It has a population of 20.2 million of people.

its government is a constitutional democracy

Its economy is based on agriculture, and Major industries

Agriculture: Cocoa, coffee, rice

Major industries: aluminium, light indusrty mining

Major exports: Cocoa beans and products , gold, timber, bauxite and aluminium

Major imports: Petroleum, goods to sell, foods, equipment

Akan in Ghana's major ethnic group.

Ghana is dependent on the sell of cocoa

the indigenous African Groups make the 99% of the ethnic groups, and other make the 1%

Religious persuation: Christian 43%, Traditional Beliefs 38%, Muslim 11%, and others 8%