Culture of Eritrea

The people

They don't have an official language but, Tigrinya, Arabic, and English is what their government use.

Most Eritreans follow Islam or Christianity, but indigenous religion beliefs are still widespread.

Eritreans are committed people who love their country and their independence and are optimistic and hardworking.

Western-style clothing is popular in urban areas but, rural dress is more traditional.


Eritreans greeting vary by region and ethnic group, Highlanders handshake while Urban dwellers of the opposite sex who are related or acquaintances shake hands and "kiss the air" while brushing alternate cheeks three times.

They use the right hand for eating and making gestures, they also use it alone or with their left hand to pass or receive items.

Eritreans visit relatives or good friends often and without invitation.

Some Eritreans, families eat together while highlanders, adults, and children eat separately.


The family as a group is more important than any of its individual members, for Eritreans.

In Eritrea families arrange nearly all marriages.

Eritreans traditionally enjoy a wide variety of foods, but culinary skills and food levels are not yet what they were before the war.

Eritreans have a rich tradition of oral literature.


The EPLF installed the Provisional Government of Eritrea, after independence.

Eritrea remains one of the world's poorest nations, although it has a potentially strong economy.

Major roads crossing the country are under repair; most city streets are paved, while country roads are not.

Maternity and child care are high priorities of the Primary Health care programme (PHCP) because the population is young and growing rapidly.