Christianity: A Religion

By: Neil Bhamoo, Kevin Hwang, Pranav Tetali, and Jenna Song

Origins of the Religion

Origin of the Religion

Christianity was developed from Judaism in the first century. Jesus Christ was a Jewish who had many followers, and those who followed him were called Christians. The first 12 disciples of Jesus spread his teachings around the world and are called Apostles.

Basic Religious Beliefs

Christians believe that Jesus is the human messenger of god, and that there is only one god (monotheism). Jesus preached his disciples to live simply and let go of desires.

Classification of Religion

  • Roman Catholic Church
  • Anglicans
  • Protestant
  • Eastern Orthodoxy
  • Oriental Orthodoxy
  • Church of the East
Christianity is a monotheistic religion and these are the different classifications of Christianity.

Branches of the Religion

  • Roman Catholicism
  • Eastern Orthodoxy
  • Protestantism
  • There are others, but these three are the main.

Geographic Distribution

How the Religion Diffused

Christianity diffused through relocation and expansion diffusion: contagious and hierarchical diffusion.
  • Missionaries migrated from Palestine, spreading the teachings of Jesus.
  • Paul of Tarsus, one of the most important missionaries, spread Christianity to different towns and villages. Through the communications of different villages, Christianity spread through contagious diffusion.
  • Christianity remained dominant in the Roman Empire because the "elites" accepted Christianity. It spread from the elites of one region to the elites of another.

Holy Places

Most of Christianity’s holy places relate to Jesus’s life.
  • Israel - Jesus's birthplace
  • Jerusalem - Jesus's famous "Last Supper"
  • Hill of Calvary - Jesus's Crucification Location
  • Nazareth, Israel - Jesus's hometown

Where Christianity is Practiced Today

Christianity is practiced in almost all of the continents except for Antarctica, some parts of Asia and Africa.

Number of followers

There are about 2 billion followers of Christianity. Of this:
  • 50% are Roman Catholics
  • 25% are Protestants
  • 10% are Eastern Orthodox

The amount of people following Christianity is about 35% of all religions.

Unique Features

Key Figures (Important People)

  • Jesus Christ: He is the savior and lord. The main figure that Christianity revolves around.
  • Adam and Eve: They were the first people.
  • Abraham: He was the father of Israel and started making Judaism big.
  • Martin Luther: He protested against catholic church and started the Protestant branch of Christianity.
  • Pope: The leader of the Roman Catholic Church.
  • Peter: One of the apostles of Jesus Christ and spread Christianity through Europe.

Holy Texts

There is only one main holy text, and that is the Bible.

Religious Symbols

The cross is a symbol that represents the cross that Jesus was crucified on.
A cross is a symbol of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.

Place of Worship

Christians usually go to a church or chapel where a priest or pope preaches to them.

Impact on Social and Family Structures

Christianity's social structure is God > Jesus > mankind. Christianity impacted social structures strongly, placing all of mankind on more even ground, because all men are created equal. Christianity did not have much impact on family structures except to strengthen the men’s dominance over the family.
Christianity's social and family structure is shown in a pyramid of a typical Christian household. The husband is always known to be dominant in a family than the wife and children.

Impacts on Cultural Beliefs and Expectations

Christianity has had a large impact on many countries and cultures, mostly the ones that have a majority of Christians. The Christian community has a mindset of being one large family and are very welcoming and friendly to people. The community expects people to have a saintly life (be nice, generous, don’t break the law, etc.)
Christianity leads for people in different parts of the world to become one large family in a given community. In the given picture, unity is shown as great cultural value in Christianity.

Essential Question

Why do different denominations of Christianity have conflicts?