Landau-Kleffner Syndrome

Rachel Ruplinger Feburary 9th, 2016 block 2

What is it?

  • a child disorder
  • begins 3-7 years of age
  • slowly or suddenly loses the ability to comprehend a spoken language
  • identified by an EEG (electroencephalogram)
  • may also be called aphasia

Causes?

  • remain unknown
  • experts think more than one cause
  • non-inherited
  • perfectly normal until first seizure/language problems

Symptoms?

  • epileptic seizures
  • difficulty speaking/understanding words
  • behavioral problems
  • cant tell the difference b/w certain sounds
  • trouble expressing themselves
  • talk non-sense/jargon

Tests and Diagnosis?

  • clinical features
  • results of EEG
  • abnormal electrical activity on right and left side of brain

Treatments?

  • medication for seizures and abnormal brain activity
  • corticosteroid therapy for language ability
  • anticonvulsants
  • sign language
  • sessions with speech and language therapist
  • sessions with education psychologist
  • surgery-multiple subpial transection

Preventions?

  • there are no ways to prevent this defect

Bibliography

  • "Landau-Kleffner Syndrome Symptoms, Causes, Treatment - How Common Is Landau-Kleffner Syndrome? - MedicineNet." MedicineNet. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2016.
  • "Landau Kleffner Syndrome | Epilepsy Action." Landau Kleffner Syndrome | Epilepsy Action. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2016.
  • "Diseases." Landau-Kleffner Syndrome. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2016.
  • "NINDS Landau-Kleffner Syndrome Information Page." Landau-Kleffner Syndrome Information Page: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.