Millennium Development Goals

In Mexico

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What are the MDGs ?

The MDGs are intended to: eradicate extreme poverty and hunger; achieve universal

primary education; promote gender equality and empowering women; reduce child mortality

rates; improve maternal health; combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases; ensure

environmental sustainability; and develop a global partnership for development.

Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger in Mexico - Goal 1

According to the CONEVAL, in 2012 according to this measure, 45.5% of the population lived in poverty and 9.8% in extreme poverty. People living in poverty in Mexico are closer to improving their situation.


In 2012 without social programmes´transfers 1.8 million more people would have been registered as living in poverty and 2.1 million more in extreme poverty.


The GDP showed an average annual growth of 3.7 percent.


This goal is measure according to 9 indicators. Of which 8 of them have been met in 2012, nevertheless the indicator "Growth rate of GDP per person employed" has insufficient progress.



Achieve universal primary education in Mexico - Goal 2

First grade and reaching sixth grade exceeds the 96% and the literacy rate for tge population aged 15 to 24 is already close to 100%


Another important mission is to strengthen education provide for the country´s indigenous communities


The second goal is measure according to 4 indicator, of which Mexico have met 3 of them and the last one is targeted to be met in 2015. The one that is left is called "Proportion of pupils starting 1st grade who reach last grade of primary education (%)"

Promote gender equality and empower women in Mexico - Goal 3

It can be said that Mexico reported almost full compliance with the targets related to gender equality at practically all educational levels; the exception is primary level where it is now within sight of full compliance.


Women have improved their level of education. Being a woman in rural and indegenous contexts is a factor that exacerbates inequality in having access to, staying in, and successfully completing basic education. The main challenge is to eliminate illiteracy.


It is ranked with 7 indicators.

Reduce child mortality in Mexico - Goal 4

This goal is monitored by three indicators. It can be seen that mortality in children both under 5 years and under one year is decreasing. The strategies must be strengthen.


The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) shows a significant reduction from 32.5 in 1990 to 13.7 in 2011, representing a decrease of 18.8 points.


In 1990 73.8% of children of one year were vaccinated; for 2012 this has increased to 86.8% of the triple viral vaccine (MMR). Since 1996 and to date there have been no deaths from measles.

Improve maternal health in Mexico - Goal 5

It appears that deaths from pregnancy, childbirth or postpartum decreased from 2,156 in 1996, to 971 in 2011 with the maternal mortality rate declining by 51.5%, from 88.7 to 43 deaths per 100,000 live births.


One of the main problems affecting women in rural areas of Mexico is having access to hospitals offering effective obstetric care, while the major problem affecting the mortality of women in urban areas is related to the quality of hospital care. This area must be strengthen.


Almost 15% of maternal deaths in 2011 occurred in women under 20.


96% of the births are attended by skilled health personnel.


This is monitored by 6 indicators.

Combat HIV / AIDS, malaria and other diseases in Mexico - Goal 6

(1990: .21% and 2012: .24%). Despite the indicator´s slight increase, at the end of 2012 the goal was met keeping the levels of people with HIV / AIDS below .6%


Regard to the World Health Organization, Mexico is considered a hypoendemic area because malaria affects less that 10% of the population in malarious areas. The transmission reduced by 89.2%


As far as tuberculosis, in 2012 Mexico recorded 19, 697 new cases with a rate of 16.8 per 100,000 inhabitants. Tuberculosis mortality rate is of 2.2 per 100,00.


This is monitored by 7 indicators.

Ensure environmental sustainability in Mexico - Goal 7

Mexico faces the challenge of halting the loss of it´s forest ecosystems. Of the area of woodlands and forests that originally covered about 52% of the territory, 36.3 million hectares, equal to 33.8% of the national area, had been lost by 2011.


Between 1990 and 2000, close to 354,000 hectares were lost per year, meanwhile between 2005 and 2010, 155,000 hectares were lost per year.


For 2010 Mexico emitted approximately 1.4% of the worldwide GHG putting it in the 13th place among the countries with the highest emissions.


Most people in Mexico now have a supply of previously disinfected piped drinkable water.


In 2012 about 32.4 million people in Mexico lived in substandard housing without enough space and lacking basic services.


This goal is monitored by 11 indicators.

Develop a global partnership for development in Mexico - Goal 8

To develop a global partnership for development, underlines that Mexico´s growth and competitiveness depend strategically on the telecommunications sector where the impact on GDP increased from 1% in 2000 to 3% in 2012.


From 2000 to 2012 there was a sixfold increase in the number of cell phone subscriptions per 100 inhabitants; and the penetration of the internet users rose from 5% to 40.2%


This goal is monitored by 3 indicators.

Our solution

Thinking about a solution to all this problems in a low cost is something hard to conceive because we are talking about a whole nation, nevertheless it would be the following:


The government must actually use the money planned in the strategies only in the strategy and trying to avoid the corruption among the government because this exit of money is clue to not achieving the goals. Also a little program to awareness the population on the different topics so everyone can contribute to the problems.

References:

Millennium Development Goals Information System. (2013). The Millennium Development Goals in Mexico: Progress Report 2013, Executive Summary. Retrieved from: http://200.23.8.225/odm/odmING.htm

Made by Team #3

Sandra Yajaira Martinez Delgado A00513158

Benjamin Mendoza Coronado A01204950

Rodrigo Juárez Gutiérrez A01208977