K-6 ELA Resources & Updates

January 2016

Making Inferences--Figure 19D

Inferencing is so hard for our students. We teach students to infer all the time in all content areas. Are you in the habit of using the words infer or inference when it isn't reading time? It is important for students to hear the same academic vocabulary across content areas.


Teaching inferences:

  • We use clues to get our answers
  • We take our clues and build on our background knowledge
  • Sometimes there is more than one right answer
  • We must be able to support our inferences with our evidence


Question Stems:

  • How do you know that?
  • What probably cause ____?
  • What might happen if ____?
  • Based on the selection, which conclusion can you draw?
  • What clues led you to believe that the character ____?
  • What conclusions could you make from the graph in the passage?
  • How did the author let the reader know his/her perspective on the topic?
  • I predict...
  • My guess is...
  • I infer...
  • It could be that...
  • Maybe...
  • This could mean...
  • Perhaps...


What teachers can do to improve inference skills:

1. Use the academic language anytime when you are trying to get the students to infer

2. Begin small....use pictures and picture books.

3. Think aloud for your students to help them put their background knowledge with their text evidence.

4. Allow students time to work in partnerships to fill out graphic organizers about a story.


The Reading Strategies Book by Jenn Serrvallo Lessons for Inference:

  • Anchor chart on page 17
  • 1.14 If You Don't Know, Guess pg. 37
  • 1.15 Readers Explain Their Thinking pg. 38
  • All of Strategy 6: Strategies for Thinking About Characters at a Glance pg 166-189
  • All of Strategy 7: Strategies for Understanding Themes and Ideas at a Glance pg. 194-217
  • 9.18 Answering Questions pg. 267
  • 10.5 Get More from Pictures pg. 278
  • 10.18 Cracking Open Headings pg. 291
  • Most of Strategy 11--Strategies for Understanding Vocabulary and Figurative Language at a Glance pg. 300-323
  • 13.3 Lifting a Line pg. 356
  • 13.4 Writing Long pg. 358
  • 13.6 Character Connections Web pg. 360
  • 13.21 Write from Inside the Story pg. 375
  • 13.23 Pile it On pg. 377


Teacher Resources:

http://www.readingrockets.org/strategies/inference

http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED501868.pdf

Serrvallo, J. (2015). The Reading Strategies Book.

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Making Inferences

Different Anchor Charts for Kids

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Revising, Revising, Revising!!!

Phyllis Whitney said, "Good stories are not written. They are rewritten." Revising skills complement reading skills. Revision is an important part of the writing process and a time to have students revisit and reflect on their piece of writing.


How to teach revising:

  • Explicitly teach revision skills to kids showing them how to revise for their audience and with meaningful goal.
  • Give them a grade-specific checklist to follow after teaching students how to look and fix each type of error.
  • Model the strategy you are teaching with a think-aloud (teacher says out loud what they are thinking about).
  • Provide guided feedback through your conferences. Don't do the work for them, but help guide them to the correction.
  • Teach students to peer edit.
  • Teach students to revise across all content areas and not just during Writer's Workshop time.


Remember, our 4th & 7th grade Dragons are asked to revise and edit on their writing STAAR test. Be mindful of this expectation. If you have never taken a look at the STAAR writing assessment, I will attach below. It is definitely work your time to look over it. Take a look at the types of skills and how they ask the questions. If we teach students the specific grammar skills necessary for our grade levels and build upon them each year, it will only best support our students and students' future teachers. We are a Dragon team and need to support all of our learners!


STAAR Released writing tests:

http://tea.texas.gov/Student_Testing_and_Accountability/Testing/State_of_Texas_Assessments_of_Academic_Readiness_(STAAR)/STAAR_Released_Test_Questions/


STAAR writing general information:

http://tea.texas.gov/student.assessment/staar/writing/


Teacher Resources:

http://www.readingrockets.org/strategies/revision

http://www.readwritethink.org/professional-development/strategy-guides/peer-review-30145.html

https://writing.wisc.edu/wac/node/71

http://www.timesaversforteachers.com/freeforms/peereditingform.pdf

Whole Class Instruction to Help Students Read Informational Texts Fluently, with an Eye Towards Main Ideas and Key Details (3-5)
Whole Class Instruction to Teach Students to Reread their Information Texts (3-5)

Middle of the Year Assessment Reminder

It's that time of year again.


Istation/DRA2/ Early Literacy Assessment Testing Window:

January 5-22nd

Please make sure all data is entered into Eduphoria Aware no later than Friday, January 29th.


Please contact your campus CARE teacher if you have any questions, concerns, or need an assessment refresher!