Ebola: Returning to the US

by Lori Robinett and Beatriz Gutierrez

History of Ebola

The deadly virus known as Ebola, (named after the Ebola River located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo) has been around since the mid 1970's. Much like its formal name, Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever, the disease includes internal bleeding, a high fever, diarrhea, and nausea. The virus is incredibly deadly and is known to have a fatality rate of up to ninety percent. Untreated There have been small breakouts in Africa, where Ebola originated.

There are five strings of Ebolavirus Disease, named after where they were discovered. These strings are known as:

Zaire Ebolavirus

Sudan Ebolavirus

Bundibugyo Ebolavirus

Tai Forest Ebolavirus

Reston Ebola Virus

What is Ebola? - Truthloader

The 2014 Ebola epidemic is the largest in history, affecting multiple countries in West Africa

Hospital Procedures for Possible Ebola Patient

  • - Isolate the patient in a private room with a private bathroom or covered, bedside commode and close the door
  • - Wear appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • - Limit the healthcare personnel who enter the room
  • - Keep a log of everyone who enters and leaves the patient’s room
  • - Consider alternative diagnoses, and evaluate appropriately
  • - Only perform necessary tests and procedures
  • - Avoid aerosol-generating procedures
  • - Follow CDC guidelines for cleaning, disinfecting, and managing waste
  • Latest Outbreaks: On November 11, the US has been declared Ebola Free. On December 2, Spain was also declared free of Ebola.

    Causes and Prevention

    Cause- Basically, coming into contact with a person or animal through bodily fluids (blood, secretions, sweat, saliva etc.)


    Preventions-

  • - Practice careful hygiene. For example, wash your hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer and avoid contact with blood and body fluids.
  • - Do not handle items that may have come in contact with an infected person’s blood or body fluids (such as clothes, bedding, needles, and medical equipment).
  • - Avoid funeral or burial rituals that require handling the body of someone who has died from Ebola.
  • - Avoid contact with bats and nonhuman primates or blood, fluids, and raw meat prepared from these animals.
  • - Avoid facilities in West Africa where Ebola patients are being treated. The U.S. embassy or consulate is often able to provide advice on facilities.
  • - After you return, monitor your health for 21 days and seek medical care immediately if you develop symptoms of Ebola.
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