Wound Care

How to properly care for wounds

Different Types of wounds

Caring for Wounds

1.Direct pressure
◦Pressure on wound with gauze
◦Do not remove if blood comes through – add more gauze
2.Elevation
◦Elevate above heart if possible – slows bleeding
◦Continue pressure
3.Pressure points
◦apply pressure to an artery to decrease blood flow to an area
◦Brachial artery (upper arm)
◦Femoral artery (top of thigh)

Don't Forget!!

Always Wear Gloves!!

Infection

Signs of Wound Infection

  • Same as those for inflammation
  • –Pain
  • –Heat
  • –Redness
  • –Swelling
  • –Disordered function

◦Pus may form due to accumulation of white blood cells

◦Fever may develop as immune system fights bacterial infection

Infections that start in the skin may spread to cause more serious infections

◦Tetanus: bacterial infection causing fever and convulsions

Most wound infections can be treated with antibiotics

Stitches

}When are sutures (stiches) necessary?

Deep lacerations, incisions and occasionally punctures

◦May be needed if the wound edges cannot be easily pushed back together

◦Decision should be made by a physician

◦Sutures should be used within 12 hours

◦Can use steri-strips if stiches are not required