FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT

Kayla and Lauren

Franklin's History

Franklin D. Roosevelt was born January 30, 1882 in Hyde Park, New York. Franklin's family was 'involved in commerce, banking and insurance, shipbuilding and seafaring, urban real estate and landholding.' Franklin was the only child for his father and his second wife, but had an older half-brother from his father's first wife. Franklin's father died when he was at Harvard Collage at the age of 72. His mother died in their home in Hyde Park, New York at the age of 82.Franklin's first job was an apprentice lawyer with the Wall Street firm of Carter, Ledyard and Milburn. Surprisingly he was never actually in the military. Franklin was picked by the Democrats to be vice president in 1920. ON august 10, 1921 Franklin was diagnosed with polio. He was paralyzed form his waist down. Franklin was elected Governor of New York State in 1928 and 1930 for two two-year terms. President Roosevelt died of 'cerebral hemorrhage' on April 12, 1945 in his cottage at Warm Springs, Georgia.

Eleanor Roosevelt and Her Role during Franklin's Presidency

Eleanor was born October 11, 1884 in New York City. She had to siblings, Elliott Roosevelt and Gracie Hall Roosevelt. Elliott died of scarlet fever a few months after their mother died of diphtheria when she was only 8 years old. Eleanor was almost 10 when her father died. Eleanor wrote: "From a personal standpoint, I did not want my husband to be president. I realized, however, that it was impossible to keep a man out of public service when that was what he wanted and was undoubtedly well equipped for. It was pure selfishness on my part, and I never mentioned my feelings on the subject to him." She was asked to run for vice president but refused the offer. "According to The Eleanor Roosevelt Encyclopedia, Eleanor "exerted considerable influence on the New Deal. As First Lady, she served as both an advocate for, and a critic of, FDR's developing reform program. While she neither drafted legislation nor held elective office, she worked with other reformers outside and inside the administration to shape the contours of the New Deal." After Franklin's death "She gave public lectures and speeches, supported organized labor, and worked on behalf of a variety of causes, such as child welfare, displaced persons, minority rights, and women's rights. She continued to write books and her syndicated My Day column." Eleanor died on November 7, 1962, in New York City from aplastic anemia, tuberculosis, and heart failure at the age of 78.

Fireside Chats

When Roosevelt became president, people were beginning to use media access like radio's for their information on politics, or even just basic entertainment. FDR saw this as a good opportunity to communicate with the public. This way he could talk about what they're doing and why, without being interupted. He could talk about one or two topics each time. Since people could sit at home comfortably, they could be eating dinner, doing chores, etc., listening to him talking, and it seemed like he was talking directly to them. This was a great way to spread news and gain more people's trust and support. There were a total of 30 Fireside Chats, which got their name from a reporter who was trying to describe them. The first one was March 12, 1933, the beginning of his first term, and his last one was January 6, 1945, the end of his fourth and last term.

Brain Trust

Roosevelt liked to listen to experts on a subject, learn from different point of views, then take his own opinion on the subject and combine them to help him make his own mind. The "Brain Trust" were individuals, who had no other inside relation to the government, that were scholars, proffessors, educators, etc. He turned to them for advice.

Emergency Banking Relief Act

The Emergency Banking Relief Act of 1933 was influenced by Roosevelt declaring National Bank Day, which closed the all banks for a day. Since so many people were trying to get their money out of banks, the banks were being overwhelmed and this helped them. The EBRA allowed banks to reopen if they were able to pay off their debt. Also, the government could buy stock from banks to keep them in business.

The first 100 days of being President and What Franklin did

On March 4, 1933 was the day Franklin Roosevelt assumed the presidency. The economy was in a total wreck with millions of people out of work. on his first 100 days Franklin passed 15 major bills through congress. "The president promised decisive action. He called Congress into special session and demanded "broad executive power to wage a war against the emergency, as great as the power that would be given me if we were in fact invaded by a foreign foe." Roosevelt attacked the bank crisis first. He declared a national bank holiday, which closed all banks. In just four days, his aides drafted the Emergency Banking Relief Act. Roosevelt appealed directly to the people to generate support for his program. On March 12, he conducted the first of many radio "fireside chats." The president pushed ahead on other fronts. The Federal Emergency Relief Act pumped $500 million into state-run welfare programs. The Homeowners Loan Act provided the first federal mortgage financing and loan guarantees."