Locke V. Jefferson

Kaitlyn N.

Comparison # 1

A quote from John Locke's Second Treaties of Civil Goverment "...no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions…" correlates to the declaration of independance when it states:

"...endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness". Locke says that no one can take away someones right to life, liberty and property which was basically in the declaration of independance. I feel this means that the goverment cant take things away the rights that everybody is meant to have.

Comparison # 2

John Lock says,"...equal one amongst another without subordination or subjection, unless the lord and master of them all should, by any manifest declaration of his will...and confer on him, by an evident and clear appointment, an undoubted right to dominion and sovereignty..."

This ties into what Jefferson wrote in the declaration of independance : "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal." Both of these ideas show that all man were created equally. It didnt matter if you were British or a colonist. Everybody got equal treatment.

Comparison # 3

John Locke talks about when the goverment needs to be dissolved and made new again. He says," In these and the like cases, when the government is dissolved, the people are at liberty to provide for themselves, by erecting a new legislative, differing from the other, by the change of persons, or form, or both, as they shall find it most for their safety and good"

Jefferson in the declaration of independance says,"-that whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government..." Jefferson and locke share the idea that when goverment becomes destructive and harmful,it needs to be remade.

Comparison # 4

Locke writes that : "people, who have a right to resume their original liberty, and, by the establishment of a new legislative, (such as they security, which is the end for which they are in society."

Jefferson says: "it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security..." These quotes talk about how things need to change in order to maintain our rights as humans, if the goverment impedes on it. How we need things to change for our future.

Comparison # 5

In john lockes book he talks about the laws of nature. "The state of nature has a law of nature to govern it, which obliges every one: and reason, which is that law, teaches all mankind, who will but consult it..."

In the declaration of independance jefferson writes: " separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation." The laws of nature are things that all people should have that the goverment cant dictate. Both Jefferson and Lock mention this.


The most important similarity from John Locke and Thomas Jefferson would be that everybody has unalienable rights that no one can take away from us, especially the government. I feel that Jefferson took a lot of ideas from John Locke's book Second Treaties of Civil Government when writing The Declaration of Independence. Many similarities popped up when looked through the text of both passages. Over all both people had great ideas that made The Declaration of Independance great.