World Religions

Top 5

What is it?

Christianity is one of the worlds major monotheistic religions meaning the people practicing this religion believe in one God and one God only. Christians believe in Jesus Christ and follow his teachings. They believe Jesus is God's own son, sent by God to become human and save the people on earth who have sinned. As the son of God, they believe that Jesus is divine, but he was also human who lived on earth over 2,000 years ago. People that practice the Christian belief use the Bible as there main foundation of religion, a scripture full of 66 books that include the old and new testament. They use the strength of prayer to speak or interact with their Lord, or Jesus. Catholics, a specific type of Christian take their right hand and place it on the forehead, down, right, then left to symbolize the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. One of the main events or holidays in the Christian religion is the day of the birth of Jesus Christ, Christmas. They also celebrate the day Jesus rose from the dead three days later, they call this Easter. Christianity is the most popular religion in the world.




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What is it?

Hinduism, the world's oldest religion, has no beginning--it precedes recorded history. It has no human founder. Hindus have very open religion and is not an organized religion and has no single, systematic approach to teaching its value system, although there are many differences in their beliefs. Hindus believe that the universe undergoes endless cycles of creation, preservation and dissolution and believe in karma, the law of cause and effect by which each individual creates his own destiny by his thoughts, words and deeds. Hindus believe that the soul reincarnates, and liberation from the cycle of rebirth, is attained. They believe that divine beings exist in unseen worlds and that temple worship, rituals, and sacraments. Hinduism is a polytheistic religion meaning Hindus believe in many different Gods or leaders. Most Hindus are devoted followers of one of the principal gods Shiva, Vishnu or Shakti, but they also believe in Brahman as the one true God who is formless, limitless, all-inclusive, and eternal. Brahman is said to see everything seen and unseen. The most sacred scriptures of Hinduism are the Vedas (Books of Knowledge) , a collection of scriptures written in Sanskrit from about 1200 BCE to 100 CE. They contain revelations received by ancient saints and sages. Hindus believe that the Vedas are without beginning and without end; when everything else in the universe is destroyed , the Vedas remain. Some of these scriptures are still used in modern Hinduism. Young Hindus are taught daily worship in the family shrine room--rituals, disciplines, chants, yogas and religious study and they are also taught to participate in Hindu festivals and holy days in the home and temple.





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What is it?

Buddhism is a system created by Buddha, an Indian Prince that was awakened from his ignorant life some 2500 years ago. It was founded in Northeastern Asia and is still primarily practiced in China, Japan, Korea, and Southeast Asia. Buddhism is neither monotheistic or polytheistic because their quest is finding and helping others find enlightenment and nirvana, yet they follow the teachings of Buddha. These teachings help followers to eventually find a deep understanding of the four noble truths . Their purpose of life is Thervada which means to become an arhat and escape the cycle of rebirth, as well as to attain nirvana. Mahayana which means to become a buddhisatva then help others to gain and find enlightenment. They believe that there is an afterlife and that you are either reborn or are successful in nirvana. Nirvana is seen simply as the cessation of suffering by some and as heavenly palace by others. Most people in the Buddhism religion use meditation to focus on there beliefs and find a form of zen.


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What is it?

Islam is a monotheistic religious that developed in the Middle East in the 7th century in Islam, which literally means "surrender" or "submission." It was founded on the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad as an expression of surrender to the will of Allah, the creator of the world, meaning Islamic is a monotheistic religion. One of the unifying characteristics of Islam is the Five Pillars, the fundamental practices of Islam. These five practices include a ritual profession of faith, ritual prayer, the zakat (charity), fasting, and the hajj (a pilgrimage to Mecca). Many Muslims are characterized by their commitment to praying to Allah five times a day. Muslims gather in mosques and pray and study the Quran that is organized into chapters called surah, and verses called ayat. The religion of Islam expanded almost immediately beyond its birthplace in the Arabian peninsula, and now has significant influence in Africa, throughout Asia, Europe, and the Americas.


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What is it?

Judaism is a religious tradition with origins dating back nearly four thousand years, starting in the ancient near eastern region of Canaan. Originating as the beliefs and practices of the people known as "Israel." This is a monotheistic religion as they worship one God. The primary figures of Israelite culture include the patriarchs Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and the prophet Moses. Judaism is a tradition grounded in the religious beliefs as they are written in the Torah — the first five books of the Hebrew Bible. Jews refer to the Bible as the Tanakh, an acronym for the texts of the Torah. Other sacred texts include the Talmud and Midrash, the rabbinic, and legal. The four main movements within Judaism today are Orthodox, Conservative, Reform, and Reconstructionist. Jewish worship is centered in synagogues and Jewish religious leaders are called rabbis, who lead the many ceremonies needed to Jewish religious practice.


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