Anatomy of a Solar Eclipse

Spotlight on Strategies - EDIM 508

Background

The purpose of this lesson is to introduce students to the definition and process of a solar eclipse. This lesson is aligned to the Next Generation Science Standards - Earth's Place in the Universe, MS-ESS1-1. Develop and use a model of the Earth-sun-moon system to describe the cyclic patterns of lunar phases, eclipses of the sun and moon, and seasons. The K-W-L strategy will be used to teach the shadow components of the eclipse (umbra and penumbra) along with the cyclic patterns of the eclipse. The K-W-L strategy will help to facilitate science learning by activating students' prior knowledge (K - what I KNOW), students will construct questions of personal interest to focus attention during reading (W - what I WANT to know), and summarizing and reflecting on what was learned and how the questions were answered (L - what I LEARNED). Students will record results on the K-W-L chart provided. After the lesson, students will discuss the ideas and questions with classmates and write a reflection by answering, "What questions do I still have?" This will help the teacher to identify if students mastered the concept and if any information is still lacking.

Example

Students will work in pairs to fill out the K-W-L chart. As the lesson begins, students will fill out anything that they already know about a solar eclipse in the K (what I KNOW) column followed by the W (what I Want to know) questions. Then after viewing the resources provided, the students will fill in the L (what I LEARNED) column. Resources that the teacher will use are below:






  • Students will listen to a song about solar eclipses that will appeal to the musical multiple intelligence:

Challenge

Teachers can use the K-W-L strategy with any concept or topic that they select for investigations and explorations in science. An extension activity would be for students to create a model of the earth-sun-moon system to display in the classroom. An additional activity is for students to research and provide evidence before adding the 'what we know' information.

Credits/Citations

K-W-L Chart - ReadWriteThink. (n.d.). Retrieved October 10, 2015, from http://www.readwritethink.org/classroom-resources/printouts/chart-a-30226.html


Study Guides and Strategies. (n.d.). Retrieved October 10, 2015, from http://www.studygs.net/texred3.htm