19th Amendment

Krayton Conell

What Took Place

During the period when women started discussing their right to vote, all adult male men were allowed to vote. There were also many reform groups being made (for anti-slavery, religious purposes, etc) and women were important role players in many of them. American women started to realize they disagreed that they should only be a wife and mother and only focus on the house and family. They believed they should be able to have their own political beliefs. It took a little of 70 years of protests, meetings, and voicing their beliefs to have the right to vote.

Important People

Many women played and showed strong leadership roles in this time period. These women, and many more, helped make their goal a reality.

Susan B. Anthony, Ida B. Wells, Alice Paul, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott, Carrie Chapman Catt, Lucy Stone, Harriet E. Blatch, Lucy Burns, Virginia Louisa Minor (first woman to suggest women should have the right to vote-picture shown above), Emmeline Pankhurst

Suffrage Parade

Monday, March 3rd 1913 at 8pm

The White House

One of the biggest protests held to promote women's right to vote was held on the night before President Wilson's inauguration. Another protest was when suffragists picketed the White House. At this silent protest, 218 women were arrested. Different ways people fought for women suffrage included:

  • marches
  • protests
  • hunger strikes
  • women chained themselves to the White House fence (Alice Paul and her followers)
  • signing petitions
  • giving speeches

Obstacles To Overcome

  • many believed women shouldn't be involved in politics
  • giving women the right to vote challenged power of males
  • some saw it as a way to cancel out the votes of lower class or non-white males
  • women were seen as weak
  • women in leadership roles of the movement disagreed on several occasions, almost causing the end of the movement

Finally Reached Their Goal

The fight for women's suffrage lasted from 1948 to when the 19th Amendment was passed that allowed them to vote in 1920. President Wilson changed his position to supporting an amendment on the issue in 1918. On May 21st, 1919, the House of Representatives passed the amendment and two weeks later the Senate followed. In 1920, the amendment received the vote needed to secure 3/4 of the states votes to ratify the amendment. In 1920, the 19th Amendment was passed to expand the voting spectrum. The 19th Amendment stated that the right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.